Centrul Diplomatic/Diplomatic Center

Centrul de Studii Politice si Diplomatie/ Center for Political Science and Diplomacy

G-20 A Colossal Madhouse and Failure by Fidel Castro

A Colossal Madhouse. This is what the G-20 meeting that started yesterday in Seoul, the capital of the Republic of Korea, has been turned into. Many readers, saturated with acronyms, may wonder: What is the G-20? This is one of the many miscreations concocted by the most powerful empire and its allies, who also created the G-7: the United States, Japan, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy and Canada. Later on they decided to admit Russia in a club that was then called the G-8. Afterwards they condescended to admit 5 important emerging countries: China, India, Brazil, Mexico and South Africa. Then the group membership increased after the inclusion of the member countries of the OECD –another acronym-, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: Australia, the Republic of Korea and Turkey. The group was also joined by Saudi Arabia, Argentina and Indonesia, and they all summed up 19. The twentieth member of the G-20 was no other than the European Union. As from this year, 2010, one country, Spain, holds the peculiar category of “permanent guest.” Another important international high level meeting is taking place almost simultaneously in Japan: the APEC meeting. If patient readers bother to add to the former group the following countries: Malaysia, Brunei, New Zealand, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Hong Kong,  Taiwan, Papua-New Guinea, Chile, Peru and Vietnam -all of them with a significant trade volume, with coasts washed by the Pacific Ocean waters- the result would be what is called the APEC: the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum, and with that the entire jigsaw puzzle is completed. They would only need a map, but a laptop could perfectly provide that. At such international events crucial international economic and financial issues are discussed. The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, with decision-making powers when it comes to financial matters, have their own master: the United States. It is important to remember that after the Second World War, the US industry and agriculture remained intact; those in Western Europe were totally destroyed, with the exceptions of Switzerland and Sweden. The USSR had been materially devastated and scored huge material losses that surpassed the figure of 25 million persons. Japan was defeated, in ruins and occupied. Around 80 per cent of the world’s gold reserves were sent to the United States. In a remote, though spacious and comfortable hotel at Bretton Woods, a small community of the US north eastern state of New Hampshire, the Monetary and Financial Conference of the recently created United Nations Organization was held from July 1st to 22 of 1944. The United States was granted the exceptional privilege of turning its paper money into an international hard currency pegged to a gold standard mechanism fixed at 35 US dollars per one Troy ounce of gold. Since the overwhelming majority of countries keep their foreign exchange reserves in the US banks -which is the same as granting a significant loan to the richest country in the world-, the gold pattern mechanism established at least a ceiling for the unrestricted issuance of paper money. This was at least some sort of guarantee on the value of the reserves that countries kept in US banks. Based on that enormous privilege -and for as long as the issuance of paper money was limited by the gold standard mechanism- that powerful country continued to increase its control over the planet’s wealth. The military adventures of the United States in alliance with the former colonial powers, particularly the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands and the recently created West Germany, led that country into other military adventures and wars that plunged the monetary system established at Bretton Woods into a crisis. At the time of the genocidal war in Vietnam, a country against which the US was at the verge of using nuclear weapons, the US President took the shameless and unilateral decision of suspending the dollar’s gold pattern. Ever since then, there have been no limits to the issuance of paper money. That privilege was so much overused that the value of the Troy ounce of gold went from 35 dollars to figures way above 1 400 dollars, that is, no less than 40 times the value it kept for 27 years until 1971, when Richard Nixon took such nefarious decision. The worst thing about the present economic crisis that affects the American society today is that former anti-crisis measures applied at different moments in the history of the US imperialist capitalist system have not helped it now to resume its usual pace. The US is wracked by a national debt close to 14 billion dollars -that is, as much as the US GDP- and the fiscal deficit remains unchanged. The sky-rocketing banks bailout loans and interest rates almost equal to zero have hardly decreased unemployment to figures below 10 per cent. The number of households whose houses are being closed out have barely decreased either. Its gigantic defense budgets which are much higher than those of the rest of the world – and what is worse, those devoted to the war- have continued to grow. The US President, who was elected hardly two years ago by one of the traditional parties, has been dealt the biggest defeat ever remembered in the last three fourths of a century. Such a reaction is a combination of frustration and racism. The US economist and writer William K. Black wrote a memorable phrase: “The best way to rob a bank is to own one”. The most reactionary sectors in the United States are sharpening their teeth and have appropriated an idea that would be the antithesis of the one expressed by the Bolsheviks in October of 1917: “All power to the US extreme right.” Seemingly, the US government, with its traditional anti-crisis measures, resorted to another desperate decision: the Federal Reserve announced it would buy 600 billion US dollars before the G-20 meeting. On Wednesday November 10, one of the most important US news agencies reported that “President Obama had arrived in South Korea to attend meetings of the world’s top 20 economic powers.” “Tensions over currencies and trade gaps have simmered ahead of the summit following a decision by the U.S. to flood its sluggish economy with $600 billion in cash that has alarmed leaders around the globe. “Obama has defended the move by the U.S. Federal Reserve.” On November 11, the same agency reported to the world’s public opinion the following: “A strong sense of pessimism shrouded the start of an economic summit of rich and emerging economies Thursday […] with world leaders arriving in Seoul sharply divided over currency and trade policies. “Established in 1999 and raised to summit level two years ago, the G-20 has— encompassing rich nations such as Germany and the U.S. as well as emerging giants such as China and Brazil — has become the centerpiece of international efforts to revive the global economy and prevent future financial meltdowns…” “Failure in Seoul could have severe consequences. The risk is that countries would try to keep their currencies artificially low to give their exporters a competitive edge in global markets. That could lead to a destructive trade war. “Countries might throw up barriers to imports — a repeat of policies that worsened the Great Depression. There are countries, such as the United States, whose top priority would be “to get China to allow its currency rise” against other currencies that would allow for a reduction of the huge trading surplus of the Asian giant with Washington, since it will make Chinese exports to be more expensive and US imports cheaper. “There are those which irate over U.S. Federal Reserve plans to pump $600 billion of new money into the sluggish American economy”. They see this measure as a selfish move to fill markets with dollars, thus devaluing that currency and giving US exporters and unfair price edge. “The G-20 countries […] are finding little common ground on the most vexing problem: What to do about a global economy that depends on huge U.S. trade deficits with China, Germany and Japan?” “Brazil’s president, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, warned that the world would go “bankrupt” if rich countries cut back on consumption and tried to export their way to prosperity.” “‘If the rich countries are not consuming and want to grow its economy on exports, the world goes bankrupt because there would be no one to buy. Everybody would like to sell…’” The summit started amid a rather pessimistic ambiance for Obama and the South Korean President Li Myung-bak, “whose negotiators failed to agree on a long-stalled free trade agreement that it was hoped could be reached this week.” “G-20 leaders gathered Thursday evening at Seoul’s grand National Museum of Korea for the dinner that marked the official start of the two-day event.” “Outside, a few thousand protesters rallied against the G-20 and the South Korean government.” Today, Friday 12, the summit concluded with a declaration that contained 20 items and 32 paragraphs. Presumably, the world is not made up only by the 32 countries that belong to the G-20 or only by those which belong to the APEC. The 187 nations that voted in favor of lifting the blockade against Cuba, as opposed to the two that voted against and the two that abstained, make a total of 192. For 160 of them there is no forum whatsoever where they could express a single word about the imperial plundering of their resources or about their urgent economic needs. In Seoul, the United Nations does not even exist. Won’t that honorable institution say a single word about it? In these days European news agencies have been publishing really tragic news about Haiti –where, in only minutes, an earthquake killed around 250 000 persons in January this year. According to reports, the Haitian authorities have warned about the speed with which the cholera epidemic is spreading throughout the city of Gonaives, in the northern part of the island. The Major of that coastal village, Pierreleus Saint-Justin, asserts he has personally buried 31 corpses on Tuesday, and expected to bury another 15. “Others could be dying as we speak”, he added. The report states that as from November 5, 70 corpses have been buried only in the urban area of Gonaives, but there are more people who have died in rural areas nearby the city. According to the report, the situation is becoming catastrophic in Gonaives. The floods caused by hurricane ‘Tomas’ could make the situation to be even worse.” Last Wednesday, the health authorities in Haiti fixed at 643 the number of victims who had died until November 8 in the entire country as a result of the epidemic. The number of persons infected with the cholera virus during the same period amounts to 9 971. Radio stations report that the figures to be released on Friday could include more than 700 deadly casualties. The government asserts now that the disease is taking a serious toll on the population of Port-au-Prince and is threatening the capital outskirts, where more than one million people have been living in tents since the earthquake on January 12. News are reporting today a figure of 796 deaths and a total of 12 303 persons infected. More than 3 million inhabitants are now threatened; many of them live in tents and among the rubble left by the earthquake, without potable water. The main US agency reported yesterday that the first part of the US Fund for the Reconstruction of Haiti was already on the way now, more than seven months after being committed to help rebuilding the country devastated by the earthquake in January. Reportedly, in the next few days, the agency will transfer approximately 120 million dollars –around one tenth of the amount promised- to the Fund for the Reconstruction of Haiti, managed by the World Bank, as was stated by P.J.Crowley, the State Department’s speaker. An assistant of the State Department stated that the money allocated to the Fund would be used to remove the rubble, build houses, grant credits, support and educational reform program to be implemented by the Inter-American Development Bank and support the Haitian government budget. Not a single word has been said about the cholera epidemics, a disease that for years affected many countries in South America and could spread throughout the Caribbean and other parts of our hemisphere.

Fidel Castro Ruz

December 2, 2010 Posted by | African affairs, Al Quds, Bertrand Russell Tribunal, Blackseanews Agency, Coreea, Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Ecology, Economy, Environment, European Council on International Relations, Fidel Castro, Foreign policy, G20 Summit, History, Ierusalim - Al Quds, Information on Korea, Informations, Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, International Relation, Kazahstan, Korea, Latin America, Leaders, Mass media, News, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Open Letter, Orient, Oriental Art, OSCE-Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Palestine, Politics, Religion, Russia, Russian Affairs, Socialism, Tourism, Travel, United Nations Global Compact, United States, War Crimes | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment




În Reflecţia din 14 ianuarie, la două zile după catastrofa din Haiti care a distrus această ţară soră şi vecină am scris: „Cuba în pofida faptului că este o ţară săracă şi blocată, de mulţi ani cooperează cu poporul haitian. Circa 400 de medici şi specialişti din domeniul sănătăţii prestează cooperare gratuită poporului haitian. În 127 din cele 137 de comune ale ţării lucrează zi de zi medicii noştri. Pe de altă parte, nu mai puţin de 400 de tineri haitieni s-au format ca medici în Patria noastră. Vor lucra acum cu întăririle medicale ale noastre care au plecat ieri în Haiti ca să salveze vieţi în situaţia critică.

Se pot mobiliza, deci, fără un efort special, până la 1 000 de medici şi specialişti în domeniul sănătăţii care deja sunt aproape toţi acolo şi dispuşi să coopereze cu orice alt stat care vrea să salveze vieţi haitiene şi să-i trateze pe răniţi.” „Situaţia este dificilă – ne-a comunciat şefa Brigăzii Medicale Cubaneze – dar am început deja să-i salvăm pe oameni.” Oră de oră, zi şi noapte, în puţinele spitale care au rămas în picioare, în corturi sau în parcuri şi locuri deschise, din teama populaţiei faţă de noi cutremure, profesioniştii cubanezi din sănătate au început să lucreze fără odihnă. Situaţia era mai gravă decât ne imaginam la început. Zeci de mii de răniţi stigau după ajutor pe străzile din Port-au-Prince, şi un număr incalculabil de persoane zăceau, vii sau moarte, sub ruinele de pământ sau tencuială cu care-şi îşi construiesc locuinţele i8mensa majoritate a populaţiei. Edificii, chiar mai solide, s-au prăbuşit. A fost nevoie şi să-i găsim, în mijlocul cartierelor distruse pe medicii haitieni absolvenţi ai ELAM, dintre care mulţi au fost afectaţi direct sau indirect de tragedie. Funţionari ai Naţiunilor Unite au rămas prinşi în câteva din hotelurile lor şi s-au pierdut zeci de vieţi, inclusiv a câtrorva şefi ai MINUSTAH, o forţă a Naţiunilor Unite, şi nu se ştia nimic de soarta a sute de alţi membrii ai personalului. Palatul Prezidenţial din Haiti s-a prăbuşit. Multe instalaţii publice, chiar câteva spitale, au devenit nişte ruine. Catastrofa a cutremurat lumea, care a pputut vedea ce se întâmplase prin imaginile redate de principalele canale itnernaţionale de televiziune. Din toate părţile, guvernele au anunţat trimiterea de experţi în salvare, alimente, medicamente, echipamente şi alte resurse. În conformitate cu poziţia publică formulată de Cuba, personal medical de alte naţionalităţi, ca spanioli, mexicani, columbieni şi din alte ţări, au lucrat fără preget împreună cu medicii noştri în isntalaţiile pe care le-am improvizat. Organizaţii ca OPS şi ţări prietene ca Venezuela şi din alte ţări au furnizat medicamente şi resurse variate. Absenţa totală a discriminării şi şovinismului a caracterizat conduita impecabilă a profesioniştilor cubanezi şi a conducătorilor lor.

Cuba, la fel ca tot ce a făcut în situaţii similare, ca atunci când uraganul Katrina a făcut ravagii în oraşul New Orleans şi a pus în pericol viaţa a mii de americani, s-a oferit să trimită o brigadă medicală completă pentru a coopera cu poporul Statelor Unite, o ţară care, aşa cum se ştie, are resurse imense, dar ceea ce era nevoie erau medici pregătiţi şi echipaţi pentru a salva vieţi. Prin situarea geografică, peste o mie de medici din Brigada „Henry Reeve” erau organizaţi şi pregătiţi cu medicamente şi materialele necesare pentru a pleca la orice oră din zi sau din noapte spre acel oraş american. Prin mintea noastră nici măcar n-a trecut ideea că Preşedintele acestei ţări va respinge oferta şi va permite ca un număr de americani care puteau fi salvaţi să-şi piardă viaţa. Eroarea acestui guvern poate a fost incapacitatea de a înţelege că poporul Cubei nu vede în poporul american un inamic, şi nici nu-l consideră vinovat de agresiunile pe care le-a suferit Patria noastră. Acel guvern n-a fost nici capabil să înţeleagă că ţara noastră nu are nevoie să cerşească favoruri sau iertare de la cei care timp de jumătate de secol au încercaat în zadar să ne îngenunchieze. Ţara noastră, la fel ca în cazul Haiti, a acceptat imediat cererile de survol în regiunea orientală a Cubei şi alte facilităţi de care aveau nevoie autorităţile din Statele Unite pentru a presta asistenţă cât mai rapid posibil cetăţenilor americani şi haitieni afectaţi de cutremur. Aceste norme au caracterizat conduita etică a poporului nostru care, cu mărinimia şi fermitatea lui, au constituit trăsăturile permanente ale politicii noastre externe. Acest lucru îl ştiu bine cei care au fost adversarii noştri pe arena internaţională. Cuba va apăra ferm opinia că tragedia care a avut loc în Haiti, ţara cea mai săracă din emisfera occidetnală, constituie o provocare a ţărilor bogate şi puternice din comunitatea internaţională. Haiti este produsul net al sistemului colonial, capitalist impersialist impus lumii. Atât sclavia din Haiti cât şi ulterioara lui sărăcie au fost impuse din exterior. Teribilul seism s-a produs după Conferinţa de la Copenhaga, unde au fost călcate în picioare drepturile cele mai elementare a 192 de state care fac parte din Organizaţia Naţiunilor Unite.

După tragedie s-a dezlănţuit în Haiti o competiţie pentru adoptarea precipitată şi ilegală de copii, care a obligat ca UNICEF să ia măsuri preventive contra dezrădăcineării multor copii, lucru care ar lipsi familiile de asemenea drepturi. Numărul de victime mortale depăşeşte deja o sută de mii. Un număr ridicat de cetăţeni şi-au pierdut braţele sau picioarele, sau au suferit fracturi care necesită reabilitare pentru a putea munci sau pentru a-şi duce viaţa. 80% din ţară trebuie reconstruită şi creată o economie suficient de dezvoltată pentru a satisface nevoile pe măsura capacităţilor productive. Reconstrucţia Europei sau Japoniei, plecând de la capacitatea productivă şi nivelul tehnic al populaţiei, era o sarcină relativ simplă în comparaţie cu efortul ce trebuie făcut în Haiti. Acolo, ca în mare parte din Africa şi alte zone din Lumea a Treia, este indispensabil să creezi condiţiile petnru o dezvoltare sustenabilă. În numai 40 de ani omenirea va avea peste 9 miliarde de locuitori, şi se confruntă cu provocarea unei schimbări climatice pe care oamenii de ştiinţă o acceptă ca pe o realitate inevitabilă. În toiul tragediei haitiene, fără ca nimeni să ştie cum şi de ce, mii de soldaţi din unităţile de infanterie marină a Statelor Unite, trupe aero-purtate din Divizia 82 şi alte forţe militare au ocupat teritoriul Haiti. Şi mai rău, nici Organizaţia Naţiunilor Unite, nici Guvernul Statelor Unite n-au oferit o explicaţie opiniei publice mondiale a acestor mişcări de forţe. Câteva guverne se plâng că mijloacele lor aeriene nu au putut ateriza şi transporta resursele umane şi tehnice trimise în Haiti. La rândul lor, diverse ţări anunţă trimiterea suplimentară de soldaţi şi echipamente militare. Asemenea fapte, din punctul meu de vedere, vor contribui la haotizarea şi complicarea ajutorului internaţional, şi aşa complicat.

Este necesar să se discute serios tema şi să fie atribuit Organizaţiei Naţiunilor Unite rolul de coordonator care-i revine în această chestiune delicată. Ţara noastră îndeplineşte o sarcină strict umanitară. În măsura posibilităţilor sale va contribui cu resursele umane şi materiale care-i stau la îndemână. Voinţa poporului nostru, mândru de medicii săi şi cooperanţi în chestiunile vitale, este mare şi va fi la înălţimea împrejurărilor. Orice cooeprare importantă care este oferită ţării noastre nu va fi respinsă, dar acceptarea va fi subordonată în întregime importanţei şi stringenţei ajutorului de care este nevoie de resurse umane ale ţării noastre. Este just să consemnăm că, până în acest moment, modestele nostre mijloace aeriene şi importantele resurse umane pe care Cuba le-a pus la dispoziţia poporului haitian nu au întâmpinat nici o dificultate să ajungă la destinaţie.

 Noi trimitem medici, nu soldaţi!


23 ianuarie 2010

January 25, 2010 Posted by | Diplomacy, Ecology, Economy, Environment, Fidel Castro, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Latin America, Leaders, Mass media, News, Open Letter, Politics, Religion, United States | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment