Centrul Diplomatic/Diplomatic Center

Centrul de Studii Politice si Diplomatie/ Center for Political Science and Diplomacy

EUROPEAN CULTURE WEEK KICKS OFF

EUROPEAN CULTURE WEEK KICKS OFF

European Council on International Relations will host between 22-26 March 2010  the traditional cultural event for European values : EUROPEAN CULTURE WEEK .

The traditional events will be, as usually a rallying point for Europe educational and cultural experts. This week important issues will be discuss varying from educational curricula, universities status in the world, new currents in culture and educations and an overview of European culture situation under the economic crisis pressure.

A large panel of educational advisers, governmental officials and representatives of the most important European universities and culture experts will debate all this important topics in order to offer to Europe the opportunity to contribute to the values and educational debates in the world. European Council on International Relations is the organizers and sponsor of this event in order to insure a complete independence of the works and professional invited from any governmental intrusion. This year the EUROPEAN CULTURE WEEK will be focusing on ways to make culture and education a priority for Europe as the economic crisis is taking the main agenda while the most important assets of Europe: history, culture and educational and cultural productions are overlooked.

This year also in order to emphasize the importance of culture in Europe diplomacy the European Council on International Relations will host and on 9-11 April 2010 a special educational session focusing in educational and culture values all over the world.

So remain close to fallow the European Council on International Relations efforts in promoting culture and education as effective diplomacy tools in order to create a better world.   

Advertisements

March 17, 2010 Posted by | Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Ecology, Economy, Environment, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Latin America, Leaders, Mass media, News, Open Letter, OSCE-Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Politics, Religion, Russian Affairs, Syria, Travel, United Nations Global Compact, United States | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

ROMANIANS ENTHUSIASTICALLY PARTICIPATE IN ISRAELI APARTHEID WEEK

Romanians enthusiastically participate in Israeli apartheid week

All across Romania the civil society and important personalities and democrats and peace activist are marking the important event of : Israel Apartheid Week .

Universities in over 40 cities across the world have begun to observe Israeli Apartheid Week in condemnation of the Zionist regime’s suppression of the Palestinians.
During Israeli Apartheid Week, the universities will hold protests and host related speeches, cultural performances, and movie screenings.
The people who first proposed holding Israeli Apartheid Week in 2005 say it has become a very important international event for expressing solidarity with the Palestinians, supporting the opponents of Israeli apartheid across the globe, and reinforcing the call for sanctions to be imposed on Israel.
Haaretz reported that Jerusalem Al-Quds-based economic researcher Shir Hever is scheduled to give a series of lectures at the University of Amsterdam entitled “Could the Economic Policies of Israel be Considered a Form of Apartheid?”

The daily added that Glasgow University is to host a speech by Jeff Halper, a professor of anthropology based in Israel, who is the co-founder and coordinator of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions. He is slated to give a speech on the boycotts, divestments and sanctions (BDS) campaign.In addition, director Shai Carmeli-Pollak will be screening his 2006 documentary “Bil’in Habibti” — which is about the Israel Defense Forces’ violence — at Boston area universities, Haaretz reported.

Romania is included in the democratic countries that effectivly sustain the palestinian struggle for freedm and democracy and is proudly to host the Anti-Israeli Apartheid Week celebration in support of liberty. 

March 6, 2010 Posted by | Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Ecology, Economy, Environment, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Leaders, Mass media, News, Open Letter, Palestine, Politics, Tourism, Travel, United States, War Crimes | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

KAZAKHSTAN PRESIDENCY OF OSCE: A CLEAR SUCCESS.

Address of H.E. Mr. Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, to the participants of the OSCE Permanent Counsel “Kazakhstan is firmly committed to the fundamental principles and values of OSCE”

 

Address of H.E. Mr. Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, to the participants of the OSCE Permanent Counsel, on the occasion of assuming by Kazakhstan the OSCE Chairmanship (Vienna, 14 January 2010) Since independence, Kazakhstan is making a real contribution to strengthening regional and global security, and will continue to be firmly committed to the fundamental principles and values of the OSCE. Said President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev in his address to the inaugural meeting of the OSCE Permanent Council in Vienna.

 Historic decision of Kazakhstan was the closure of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site, a voluntary abandonment of the fourth largest in the world’s nuclear missile arsenal and the complete destruction of its infrastructure. In 2009 at the initiative of Kazakhstan was adopted by the UN General Assembly resolution declaring August 29 – International Day of Action against nuclear testing. “Kazakhstan is fully aware of its role as a responsible player in regional and global economic processes. Exporting to the world market significant volumes of hydrocarbons, our country is making a significant contribution to ensuring global energy security, including Europe. As a major exporter of grain and other food items, Kazakhstan is actively promoting the implementation of the UN Millennium Goals in addressing hunger and addressing food security in the world “, – noted the President.

The situation in the world makes it difficult exam, which Kazakhstan will stand as the country chairing the OSCE. “Erosion of the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, humanitarian and ecological disasters, famine, poverty, epidemics, reduction of energy resources, conflict along ethnic and sectarian grounds – this is not a complete list of challenges of modern human civilization, a struggle that requires a maximum effort from by such reputable multilateral institutions such as the OSCE “, – he said.

Kazakhstan President stressed that the most urgent problems, the need for solutions which are now facing the OSCE, have always been at the heart of Kazakhstan’s foreign policy. “In accordance with the OSCE traditions, we announce a motto of the acting chairmanship, which symbolizes identification of the chair-country. The motto of the Kazakh chairmanship will be four ‘T’ – Trust, Tradition, Transparency and Tolerance”, the President said. He noted that the first ‘T’ means mutual trust. The second one is adherence to the OSCE principles and values. The third one – maximum openness and transparency in international relations, free of ‘double standards’ and ‘dividing lines’. The forth ‘T’- reflection of global trends on strengthening intercultural and intercivilization dialog, which obtains more significance in the modern world. President Nazarbayev has proposed to declare August 1 – the date of signing of the Helsinki Final Act – the Day of the OSCE, as well as to convene the OSCE Summit in 2010 in honor of the 35th anniversary of the Helsinki Final Act, the 20th anniversary of the Charter of Paris and the 65th anniversary of the end of World War II.

In his speech, OSCE Chairman, Secretary of State – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan Kanat Saudabayev declared priorities of Kazakhstan’s chairmanship. He stated that Kazakhstan, as chairman of the OSCE, will seek to bring closer the positions of the participating organizations to the west and east from Vienna on the basis of principles of impartiality and balance, to enhance its role in improving security and enhancing cooperation in the area from Vancouver to Vladivostok. Astana will seek to focus on achieving the optimum balance of all three “baskets” of the OSCE. Such an approach would help to see problems in the complex, effectively confront not only the external manifestations of modern challenges and threats, but also to work with their sources of origin. In particular, in politico-military dimension Kazakhstan will continue “the Corfu process” and will try to give new impetus to the OSCE efforts to stabilize the situation in areas of protracted conflicts and their resolution, development of international transport corridors, promoting tolerance and understanding. Astana intends to work actively with all partners to strengthen the OSCE Vienna Document 1999 and issues of post-war rehabilitation of Afghanistan. In selecting priorities in the economic and environmental dimension, Kazakhstan has proposed themes on promotion of good governance at border crossings and development of safe and efficient ground transportation. According to Astana, it is necessary to continue work on migration and energy security in accordance with the ministerial decisions in Athens.

The human dimension remains a key theme in the agenda of the Chairmanship, and Kazakhstan will continue to support activities of the ODIHR, the High Commissioner on National Minorities, Representative on Freedom of the media. The holding in Astana on 29-30 June this year, the OSCE High Level Conference on Tolerance and Non-discrimination would make a worthy contribution to further enhance the interaction between different cultures and civilizations, the practical implementation of earlier decisions. This year 15 OSCE member countries will hold presidential and parliamentary elections. Therefore Kazakhstan urged the ODIHR and the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly to coordinate their work and do everything possible to the process of monitoring the elections were to ensure objectivity and constructivism.

January 30, 2010 Posted by | Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Economy, Environment, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Kazahstan, Leaders, Mass media, News, Nursultan Nazarbayev, Open Letter, OSCE-Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Politics, Russia, United States | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

NON ALIGNED MOVEMENT RENAISSANCE: A CHANCE FOR A MULTIPOLAR WORLD? by Professor Anton Caragea

NON ALIGNED MOVEMENT RENAISSANCE: A CHANCE FOR A MULTIPOLAR WORLD ?

800px-NAM_Members_svg

NAM Member States

In 1955, when the founding fathers of Non Aligned Movement (NAM) held their first meeting in the now famous Bandung Gathering, the role of Non Aligned Movement seemed to be clear: prevention of a new war. In a world already savagely ravaged by the Second World War, URSS and United States already embarked in a new kind of military and political confrontation: Cold War. So the role and the place of a non-aligned movement where clear and easy to carve: keeping the two opposite blocs in equilibrium not allowing for the cold war to become a nuclear war. After the fall of the communism and dissolution of Warsaw pact in 1991 the Non Aligned Movement seemed to be out of place in a world that had promised to be without military or ideological confrontation. Many had claimed even the end of the organization in a post-Cold War world. After the US invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq that presented clear the risk of a unipolar world ,now a new need is offering to Non Aligned Movement a new chance to play a historic role: the search for a multipolar world.

A new Non Aligned Movement?

 The Cuban presidency of Non Aligned Movement (2006-2009) has witnessed a new world that could offer new meanings to a movement that seemed to be in collapse in the last decade of XX century. The reason for this comeback where many . First we are seeing an increase in relevance of the so called Bandung spirit. In 1955 at the inaugural session the five key figures of the movement: Josif Broz Tito of Yugoslavia, Jawaharlal Nehru of India, Gamel Nasser of Egypt , Sukarno of Indonesia and Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana wanted this new organization to stand for: non-aggression, non-interference, respect for independence, equality and peaceful co-existence.

NonAlignedMovement 

At the end of the Cold War this principle seemed to stay at the heart of the new international security structure. The dissolution of URSS granted freedom to the people in the communist area and the Kuwait War (1991) signaled a new role of United Nation as a protector of independence of small countries . Soon this dream was dashed, the US lead invasion in Afghanistan (2001) the unilateral Iraq invasion (2003) and the threats to North Korea and Iran existence , the orange revolution in Eastern Europe, all this marked a new era of unipolar world . In this new confrontational vision the spirit of Bandung was the key for re-establishing order in the world. In an unexpected way the so called war on terror marked the necessity for a balanced world in which no power to act without impunity and those marked the renaissance of Non Aligned Movement.

Is Non Aligned Movement a power?

At a first glance the answer seemed to be a clear Yes: with118 member states and another 15 observer waiting for admittance and with almost 55% percent of the world population and 20% percent of world economy, demographical and economical date tend to suggest an important power to be used by this movement. In any case the sad days of the nineties when the Movement look as it will lose his meaning are long gone. But on a realistic note the Non Aligned Movement has still the same weakness that crippled his influence on the Cold war period. The Bandung five fathers imagined a powerful military, political and economical alliance that could balance United States and Soviet Union. This strong alliance is not build yet. On political level the connections between these countries are still week, economic also there is no plan for common development, there isn’t any trade agreement or economic project to hold together the NAM members. Also the NAM it does not offer a political mechanism for dismantling inner tension between member states and no military common capacity to give relevance to the movement. State by state agreement does not substitute a common unified mechanism .Also the NAM organization it is lacking the material resources to put forward a common international agenda. Finally a weak point of the organization is the dependency on the country that is chairing the NAM Alliance. The last years prove this quite eloquently , the three years of Cuban mandate marked a bust in visibility and international audience to the organization ,while the Egyptian mandate until now is a very disappointing one, succeed only in puttying the organization into shadow . So NAM is having a lot of work to do until will be able to measure up with NATO or United States influence.

Is Non Aligned Movement rising up?

 Despite these internal issues the Cuban presidency and NAM have marked a few initiatives that could foster the image and influence of the organization. The most important was the decision of NAM to get involved in a necessary, but long postponed, reform of United Nation system. Taking part in common peace keeping operation is also offering the breeding ground for an experimental military task force of NAM. Finally the Committee on Palestine of NAM has offered credible solution on the Middle East problem, requesting Israel to to halt its settlement activities, open up border crossings, and cease the use of force and violence against civilians and relinquish Gaza and West Bank territories to a future Palestinian state. Extremely important was the decision on NAM to emphasize on justice and respect for fundamental human rights and for the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and relinquish his older name as the club of autocrats and foster democracy on the member states. Off course it is still a long way until NAM will be a club of democracy but it is a step on the right direction. All this new stance , the decision to create a Joint Economic Cooperation committee and to offer a new leadership to the organization in the form of a Joint Coordinating Committee that doubles the state leadership of NAM, all this are opportunity to make the organization more efficient and by this more visible. As always history teach us that an organization like a person is having his role in the world. Non Aligned Movement played a part on the Cold War adventure and is having now a new calling: fostering a new power for a multipolar world. The last decade, under a one polar world, was not a beneficial one: increase in military spending, economic crisis, wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and destabilizing of the Middle East region, African underdevelopment, and democracy crisis, all this need to be address and Non Aligned Movement by his simple existence could be a beckon of hope.

Professor Anton Caragea PhD, MA, FINS

September 11, 2009 Posted by | African affairs, Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Economy, Environment, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Latin America, Leaders, Mass media, News, Politics, United States | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment