Centrul Diplomatic/Diplomatic Center

Centrul de Studii Politice si Diplomatie/ Center for Political Science and Diplomacy

Syria: the key for peace in the Middle East by Professor Anton Caragea

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In only three month the US Middle East envoy, George Mitchell made two visits to Damascus prompting the world attention to the new place of Syria in the region.  What is the new role of Syria in Barrack Obama vision of peace for the Middle East?

Syria: an astonishing survival.

In 2003 Syria seemed to be on the brink of the abyss: a US lead invasion of Iraq has turn up side down the region, G. Bush placed Syria on the list of state to be attacked , in Lebanon US sponsored the anti-Syrian opposition in the  hope that will further isolate Syria.  The death of Hafez al Assad in 2000 and the ascension to power of a young leader, Bashar al Assad made the situation even more fragile. In this difficult climate of isolation, war in Iraq, US pressures and sanctions Syria succeeded a remarkable transformation.

First step was made by bringing to power a generation of very effective , western educated leaders that transformed the country in just a few years: Dr.Mohsen Bilal,  a very efficient minister of  information that transformed the media landscape of the country offering open gates policy to private  newspapers and media channels  ,Wallid Al Moallem, Foreign Affairs Minister  of Syria succeed in promoting a new image of his country  tacking Syria out of the isolation  , Dr. Faissal Mqdad, vice-minister of Foreign Affairs supported this active and efficient diplomacy transforming Syria in a diplomatic Mecca in the last five years  supported in this efforts  by professional  diplomats like Walid Othman and other dedicated diplomats  and the charismatic  Mr. Saadala Agaa, Minister of Tourism, that made Syria a touristic power in the region busting countries revenues from tourism . This new team brought to power by President Bashar al Assad succeeded simultaneous in disengaging Syria from Lebanon, restoring diplomatic ties with Lebanon, sheltering 1, 5 million refugees from Iraq (a humanitarian crisis of never viewed scale), creating economic development of 5% percent per year, closing the border to Iraq for terrorist group and having an effective diplomacy in the region and developing connection with European Union. This mixture of powerful diplomacy, open society and strong democracy   made Syria a key for peace in the region. The assessment  of first nine year of Bashar al Assad in power is a strong  positive one.  

No peace without Syria.

An Arab diplomatic wisdom is saying that in Middle East could not be a war without Egypt and peace without Syria. The latest years offers a new meaning to this word of wisdom. Syria has proven to be a force for peace in the region and a fundamental actor: supporting Hezbollah in his resistance made Syria a part of the reconstruction of Lebanon security and peace and in may 2009 election when Hezbollah lost the Lebanese elections Syria supported the peaceful recognition of the election results and the creation of a unity government. Also the Syrian diplomatic campaign for Golan was a new success, even US announcing that Israel must relinquish the Golan Heights to rightful owner: Syria, in the peace processes. The open relation with Turkey, accepting Turkey mediation with Israel and the worming relation with Iraq and Golf States transformed Syria in the diplomatic rally point for France ( N. Sarcozy visit Damascus in 2008 , Bernard Kouchner , French foreign minister  in 2008 and 2009)   or for Qatar diplomacy. Even in 2008 Bashar al Assad was invited for 14 July celebration in France, an honor that only few have.    

Visit in Damascus for the eyes of Tel Aviv.

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The US diplomatic overture to Syria is destined no doubt to exercise pressure on Israel. The US-Israel relation are suffering from a diplomatic cold after the Barrack Obama speech in Cairo and US decision to pressure Israel for  a halt in settlements construction and to re-open dialogue with Palestinian Authority.  Until now Israeli government choose to ignore the joint US-European Union- Russia pressure for a sincere dialogue with Palestine Authority and for halting the settlements in territories occupied after 1967 war. The US decision to send a new ambassador in Damascus and European Union rapprochement with Syria, all indicate that Israel could not hope indefinitely to go against international community wishes.

Now G. Mitchell goes to Damascus with a solid agenda: peace talks, returning Golan Heights to Syria, Damascus aid in stabilizing Iraq, removing Syria from US black list etc.  Especially Washington is interested in having Syrian backing for a swift resolution of Iraq conflict to relinquish the US troops station there.  US are conscience that Iraq will  descend in anarchy and havoc  after the US army pull out. US are trying to support a second : a Syrian model of open society, secular state, political equilibrium that will satisfy also Kurdish autonomy ambition and Sunni worries over a Shia controlled Iraq. This Syrian model in Iraq depends on Damascus support and is a valuable asset in US- Syria negotiation.  G. Mitchell is now in Damascus and already announced that what will be back.     

Now the question is if US has embarked only in a charmed offensive to worry Israel or really G. Mitchell found on the road to Damascus the light of a new policy for the region?

July 26, 2009 Posted by | Diplomacy, Economy, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Leaders, Mass media, News, Politics, Religion, Syria, Tourism, Travel, United States | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

ROMANIAN DELEGATION VISIT IN R.A. SYRIA/ VIZITA DELEGATIEI ROMANE IN SIRIA

COMUNICAT DE PRESA

VIZITA DELEGATIEI ROMANIEI IN SIRIA

                                                                                                    

In perioada 22- 28 mai 2009 o delegatie de jurnalisti si oameni politici romani condusa de Profesor Dr. Anton Caragea  a efectuat o vizita de prietenie in Republica Araba Siriana. 

Delegatia romana a avut intalniri  cu Dr. Mohsen Bilal, Ministrul Informatiilor al R.A. Siria, Dr. Mohammed Al Hussein, Ministrul Finantelor ,dl. Rateb Al Salah, presedintele Bursei din Damasc, Dr. Faissal Muqdad, Vice-ministrul Afacerilor Externe, Dl. Suleiman Qadah, vice-presedintele Frontului National Progresist si cu  Dl. Saadala Agaa, Ministrul Turismului al R.A. Siria.                                        

 In aceste intalniri s-au abordat o mare varietate de subiecte de la relatiile economice romano-siriene, la vizita Ministrului Roman al Afacerilor Externe in Siria pana la procesul de pace din Orientul Mijlociu si necesitatea restabilirii suveranitatii nationale siriene asupra inaltimilor Golan .

Printre cele mai importante teme de discutie putem enumera: imbunatatirea legaturilor aeriene intre Siria si Romania, deschiderea unui birou de turism sirian la Bucuresti, masuri pentru cresterea numarului de turisti romani in Siria, acordarea viziei in mod gratuit pentru turistii romani , colaborarea bursiera intre Romania si Siria, colaborarea in domeniul media etc.  Totodata delegatia romana a vizitat orasul eliberat Quneitra din Golan, teritoriul recunoscut international ca apartinand Siriei si principalele obiective turistice din Siria: Bosra, Alep, Latakia, Homs, Hama, Ugarit etc.

 Vizita delegatiei romane a marcat noua apropiere intre Romania si Siria dupa vizita presedintelui Romaniei  in Siria si a fost apreciata ca un succes atat de partea romana cat si de cea siriana si un semn pentru  noile relatii intre cele doua tari.

 

PRESS RELEACE

ROMANIAN DELEGATION VISIT IN R.A. SYRIA

 

Between 22 and 28 of May 2009 a Romanian political and media delegation chaired by Professor Anton Caragea has being invited for a visit in Arab Republic of Syria. The program of Romanian delegation has included meetings with Dr.Mohsen Bilal, Minister of Information of Syria, Dr. Mohammed Al Hussein, Minister of Finance, Mr. Rateb Al Salah, Chairmen of Damascus Stock Exchange, Dr. Faissal Mqdad, vice-minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Suleiman Qadah, vice-president of National Progressive Front and Mr. Saadala Agaa, Minister of Tourism of Syria.

The main issues of the discussion varied from Romanian-Syrian economic relation, Romanian minister of Foreign affairs visit to Damascus to peace process in the Middle East and Syrian national sovereignty on Golan Heights.

Among the most important topics and results are : opening a Syrian tourism Office in Romania, measures for increasing the Romanian tourist visits in Syria , stock exchange agreements between Romania and  Syria, increasing flight connection between Romania and Syria, media cooperation , exchange of media programs . The Romanian delegation program included visits to Hero City Quneitra in Golan, international recognized Syrian territory and to many touristic objectives: Bosra, Aleppo, Latakia, Homs, Hama, Ugarit etc.

      The visit of Romanian delegation to Syria had marked a new step in getting closer Romania and Syria after the Romanian President visit in Syria and has being appreciated by Romanian and Syrian side as a sign of new relations between the two countries.        

Decoration Ceremony of Mr. Saadala Agaa, minister of turism of R.A.Syria

Decoration Ceremony of Mr. Saadala Agaa, minister of turism of R.A.Syria

Professor Anton Caragea and romanian delegation received by Dr.Mohsen Bilal ,Minister of Information of Syria R.A

Professor Anton Caragea and romanian delegation received by Dr.Mohsen Bilal minister of information of Syria R.A

Professor Anton Caragea and romanian delegation offers the title Personality of the year to Mr.Suleiman Qadah, vicepresident of National Progressive Front

Professor Anton Caragea and romanian delegations offers the title Personality of the year to Mr.Suleiman Qadah, vicepresident of National Progressive Front

Professor Anton Caragea and Vlad Hogea giving an interview at Syria National Television

Professor Anton Caragea and Vlad Hogea giving an interview at Syria National Television

Professor Anton Caragea decorates vice-minister of foreign affairs of Syria

Professor Anton Caragea decorates vice-minister of foreign affairs of Syria

Professor Anton Caragea receives Quneitra Medal from Governor of Quneitra Heroe City

Professor Anton Caragea receives Quneitra Medal from Governor of Quneitra Heroe City

Professor Anton Caragea receives the Damascus key from Mr. Saadala Agaa, Minister of Turism of Syria

 Professor Anton Caragea receives the Damascus key from Mr. Saadala Agaa, Minister of Turism of Syria

 

 

May 30, 2009 Posted by | Ecology, Economy, Environment, Foreign policy, History, Informations, Mass media, News, Politics, Religion, Tourism, Travel | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment