Centrul Diplomatic/Diplomatic Center

Centrul de Studii Politice si Diplomatie/ Center for Political Science and Diplomacy

PROFESSOR DR. ANTON CARAGEA INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN ACTIONS GETS UNITED NATION ACCOLADE

United Nations are celebrating Professor Dr. Anton Caragea achievements in promoting culture and human development as bedrock foundations for achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

United Nations Academic  Initiative had awarded the special diploma for Professor Dr. Anton Caragea marking his role in implementation of SDG`s agenda on world level.

This had come in recognition of Professor Dr. Anton Caragea instrumental role in raising awareness and creating in 2016 the first lessons on Sustainable Development Goals  and the leadership role  in carving out The Parliamentary Assembly for SDG ( institution garnering world parliaments support for implementing Sustainable development Goals friendly legislation in their national legislatures and on international arena).

Combating hunger, poverty, climate change, and gender inequality while promoting good health, education, clean water and sanitation, and decent work and economic growth are just a few of the aims of the recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea had supported and inscribed on the national and international agenda items like: encouraging global citizenship through education; advancing peace and conflict resolution through education; addressing issues of poverty through education; promoting sustainability through education; promoting inter-cultural dialogue and understanding, and the “unlearning” of intolerance, through education.

The latest personality to be honored in a similar manner was Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, the architect of the Indian Constitution, in a special festivity in 2016.

May 14, 2017 Posted by | AMBASSADOR ANTON CARAGEA, Anton Caragea, Blackseanews Agency, Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Ecology, EUROPEAN ACADEMY, European Council on International Relations, Foreign policy, Human Rights Council, Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, International Relation, Leaders, News, Open Letter, Orient, OSCE-Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Politics, President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, President Dr. Anton Caragea, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, Romanian Foreign Policy, Sustainable Development Goals, UNESCO Heritage List, Universities | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON TOURISM AND TRADE HAS CREATED 100.000 JOBS IN THE LAST YEARS

Building on a successful cooperation on last year’s Europe Day, the European Tourism Academy supported the EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON TOURISM AND TRADE (ECTT)  to organize the Europe Day on Tuesday , 9 May 2017.

                                             

The reception was attended by over 1000 people from including prominent guests such as government representatives, diplomatic corps in Bucharest, business leaders, academia, and the media.

The welcoming speech was delivered by European Council on Tourism and Trade President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.   

Honourable Ministers,

Honourable Members of Parliament,

Excellencies, Members of the Diplomatic Corps,

Colleagues, fellow Europeans and friends of Europe,

Ladies and gentlemen,

Namaste, Salam Alaykum, Good evening, Bonsoir, and a very warm welcome to you all to the 2017 Europe Day celebrations.

First, I would like to express my gratitude to Academicians Mircea Constantinescu and Ionut Costea, Directors of EUROPEAN TOURISM ACADEMY, for kindly agreeing to make available this splendid hall for today’s gathering.

We thought that this year it would be great to bring Europe closer to academicians and professionals and leaders of all walks of life, and to hold our celebrations in this excellent establishment.

Thank you very much to everyone who has worked so hard to make this happen.

Today, 9 May, is Europe Day.

 On this day in 1950 Robert Schuman, the French Foreign Minister, called on the nations of Europe to unite and make war on our continent unthinkable.

His message of peace and unity is as relevant as ever.

 The dreams of our founding fathers have become a reality, and Europeans live together in peace and prosperity, bound together by principles of democracy and human rights.

Yet, as anyone who follows international news knows, the European Union faces considerable challenges, and I do not want to gloss over these.

But despite all our difficulties the Europe represents the most successful process of regional integration, and remains the richest continent in the world.

In no other place is there so much freedom – freedom to speak our mind, freedom to move, freedom to pray and not to pray, freedom to love, freedom to vote and freedom to choose our own destiny.

Everywhere in the world Europe is a major trading partner, a major investor and we are proudly launching here BEST OF EUROPE/BEST OF WORLD program.

Climate change is another example of Europe prowess and a dear subject to myself as Ambassador for World Protected Areas .

On 22 April 2016, 175 countries signed the Paris Agreement in New York. Fifteen countries deposited their instruments of ratification on the same day sending a signal to the international community on the paramount importance of the implementation of the Agreement.

Our Ambassador office is committed to continue to work closely with all the nations on climate change, not only alongside it in international negotiations, but also as a key partner – providing support for mitigation and adjusting, and on the implementation of the Paris Agreement – the next big challenge.

Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen,

I want to welcome you this evening not only to the Europe Day Reception, but also to our exhibition showcasing our engagement in tourism, trade and development across the world.

With WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION and WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM programs we succeeded in the last ten years to bring over 6 billion euro investments in tourism, development and growth sector in Africa and Asia and we created more than 100.000 jobs in tertiary sectors of all the countries that have being supported by EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON TOURISM AND TRADE and EUROPEAN TOURISM ACADEMY programs.

 I would like to thank all our development implementing partners for their contributions to the exhibition and for their efforts.

I hope that everyone will take time to discover the breadth and depth of the EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON TOURISM AND TRADE co-operation with developing world.

I would like to express my gratitude in particular to key partners of ours in this day, as DALI HAUTE PARFUMERIE who offered you not only wonderful gifts but provided you with a symbol of what Europe stand`s for culture like Salvador Dali works and the joy of living embodied by wonderful perfumes and also a word of gratitude to our European Diplomatic Wine`s partners like HOUSE OF PANCIU who unveiled for you the best European sparkling wines and HOUSE OF WINES COTNARI who had offered you the gift of incredible European wines.

A word of gratitude to the 23 masters of pastry and cakes, who created the incredible cakes that we will taste tonight.

I will no longer stay between you and the incredible cake awaiting us!

Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

Happy Europe Day!

Bbahut Dhanyawad, Shukran, Merci beaucoup, Thank you, Danke.”

May 14, 2017 Posted by | Africa, African affairs, AMBASSADOR ANTON CARAGEA, Anton Caragea, Blackseanews Agency, Cambodia, CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM, Diplomacy, DIPLOMATIC WINE, DIPLOMATIC WINE CREATOR, Eastern Europe, Ecology, Economy, EUROPEAN ACADEMY, European Council on International Relations, European Council on Tourism and Trade, Foreign policy, History, Informations, Leaders, Mass media, News, OECD-Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, President Dr. Anton Caragea, President Nursultan Nazarbaev, President Nursultan Nazarbayev, President Robert Mugabe, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister HUN SEN, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, Sustainable Development Goals, Tourism, Travel, UNESCO Heritage List, United Arab Emirates, United Nations Global Compact, Universities, WINE TOURISM, WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION AWARD, WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM, WORLD CULTURAL INSTITUTE-EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON TOURISM AND TRADE, World Cup, WORLD EXPO 2017, WORLD EXPO 2020, World Social Forum, World Tourism Day, WORLD TOURISM INSTITUTION, world tourism institution-European Council on Tourism and Trade | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

2016 SUMMER DIPLOMATIC TRIP TO DANUBE DELTA AND PUFLENE COMPLEX

The Summer Trip for Diplomats, a yearly event, hosted by The Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania has taken place between 20-25 August 2016, in the framework of DISCOVER ROMANIA program.

 

PUFLENE RESORT -gazda diplomatilor-PUFLENE RESORT-diplomats house

PUFLENE RESORT Complex was the generous host of 2016 Summer Diplomatic Trip

The DISCOVER ROMANIA program is aimed at giving an opportunity for diplomats posted in Romania to get acquainted with new areas of our country, to familiarize themselves with the rich customs and traditions of diverse regions of Romania and to also enjoy themselves in avfew days of active relaxation.

Diplomats preparing for Danube Delta tripAccordingly to the strict rules of the program, the invitation is a very sought after and distributed with parsimony , being invited only does diplomats who remark themselves during the year by cooperating closely with The Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation.

This year our main destination and that of the ambassadors and their families, invited for the cruise, was Danube Delta, tell us Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, the President Director General of The Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation and we have many reasons for our decision to select Danube Delta as our destination.

PUFLENE RESORT-vedere aeriana

The magic of Danube Delta and PUFLENE RESORT

 We have previously organized a similar discovery trip during 2011 and I was remembering, with pleasure, the enthusiasm that ambassadors put in the discovery of the area and we want also to place in our program new and new destinations of Danube Delta.

PUFLENE RESORT-zona de pescuit

The backwater channels of DANUBE DELTA

 

Another argument weight in was the opening of an extraordinary resort and hospitality complex in the area: PUFLENE RESORT.

This resort was to become the gravity center of our activities, to discover Danube Delta, and also our night base for a wonderful meal and recuperation after travel.

Sea of Water Lily

Water Lilly Sea in the center of DANUBE DELTA

 

The diplomats program was coined, with the help of PUFENE RESORT Director, Mr Mihai Puflene, a man in loved with the Danube and passionate about Danube Delta.

Ghidul Diplomatilor prin DeltaThe program encompassed, during day time, regular trips, that allowed diplomats to discover magnificent areas like: Murighiol Danube front, the lake Uzlina, the largest lake and a perfect fish reserve, the boats rolled also to the Lake Isac and Lake Isac 2, natural reserve of mangrove and typical vegetation, Litcov Channel and famous Crisan village, bedecked with traditional houses painted in blue and home to Russian minority in the Danube Delta.

Diplomats also enjoyed the trips to Sulina arm of Danube and finally, to the Letea Forest, UNESCO natural preserve, unique in the world.

The five days journey of discovery and travel where crowned also by relaxation time.

ECCE DELTA! Aceasta este DELTA

This is the magic of DANUBE DELTA as diplomats have seen it.

 Ambassadors took full advantage of this time enjoying the PUFLENE RESORT many facilities like gym, wading pool and massage therapy and most of all, indulge in the culinary creation of the master chef of the complex.

Stiuca umpluta _Stuffed pikeSalau cu Migdale-Perch with AlmondsSaramura de crap

Mr. Mihai Puflene carved out a culinary discovery menu, including the fish broth, carp brine and the incredible stuffed pike.

President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and Mihai Puflene-Chairman of PUFLENE RESORT

Carving out the 2016 Summer Diplomatic Trip Program(l-r): Mr. Mihai Puflene the Manager of PUFLENE RESORT complex and Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, IRICE President.

The diplomatic trip to Danube Delta was a new success of the DISCOVERY ROMANIA program, started in 2008 by The Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation and will be followed this autumn by a discovery trip to Moldavia, stated Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.

 

The full photo journal of the 2016 Summer Diplomatic Trip can be observed here: PRESIDENT OFFICE

The Journal of 2011 Ambassadors Visit to DANUBE DELTA is available here:

The Journals of previous visits to Moldavia can be observed here: Iassy and Bucovina

More about PUFLENE RESORT can ne read out here:

 

September 3, 2016 Posted by | AMBASSADOR ANTON CARAGEA, Anton Caragea, Blackseanews Agency, Danube Delta, Diplomacy, DIPLOMATIC WINE, Eastern Europe, Economy, Environment, History, Informations, Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, International Relation, Mass media, News, Politics, President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, President Dr. Anton Caragea, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, PUFLENE RESORT, Romanian economy, Tourism, Travel, WINE TOURISM, World Tourism Day | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

THE PROTOCOL MEETING BETWEEN PROFESSOR DR. ANTON CARAGEA AND AMBASSADOR TAJUL AMAN MOHAMMAD

On March 11, 2016, the taking office protocol and presentation meeting between Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea, President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and H.E. Tajul Aman Mohammad, Ambassador of Malaysia in Romania had taken place.

President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and Tajul Aman Mohammad Ambassador of Malaysia

Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea express his heart felted  congratulation on the occasion of beginning of mandate of  Mr. Tajul Aman Mohammad, appreciating that Romanian and Malaysia are enjoying a long and productive history of cultural, economic and political cooperation and a large area of dialogue, destined to be conducive to a good understanding  between the two nations.

 

The Romania- Malaysia cooperation has the ability to become an example of building an economic and cultural exchange area between East Asia and Romania, remarked Professor Anton Caragea.

Now it is an auspicious moment to enliven the diplomatic dialogue and friendship between Romania and Malaysia, as we are witnessing the political and economic will for such an improvement.

H.E. Tajul Aman Mohammad remarked with satisfaction and appreciation the encouragement`s offered by Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea and had stated that: the wish and desire for an economic, politic and cultural special friendship between Malaysia and Romania is a common shared vision.

President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and Malaysia Ambassador

The dialogue had continued on concrete themes for economic actions such as: cooperating on tourism and trade in the framework offered by European Council on Tourism and Trade decisions, in order to promote bilateral tourism and investments related to tourism sector.

 

Other spheres of economic cooperation where highlighted on agricultural sector and on communication, mobile technology and other areas of high technology where Romania is having an international recognized know how.

IRICE President accepted to meet with a parliamentary delegation from Malaysia in order to promote cooperation on this level of parliamentarian and democratic institutional dialogue.

During the meeting where tabled also different aspects and analyses of economic, political and cultural bilateral relations and on ways of fostering this dialogue on to the future.

The all-encompassing dialogue created the foundations for a successful diplomatic mandate of H.E. Ambassador Tajul Aman Mohammad and created the necessary environment to foster the relations between Romanian and Malaysia and constitutes a promise for re-launching a traditional Romanian diplomatic action towards Malaysia.

The photo chronicle of the diplomatic encounter can be found here: PRESIDENT OFFICE

March 14, 2016 Posted by | Anton Caragea, Blackseanews Agency, Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Ecology, Economy, Foreign policy, Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, International Relation, Mass media, News, Oriental Art, Politics, President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, President Dr. Anton Caragea, Profesor Dr. Anton Caragea, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, ROMANIAN DIPLOMATIC BULLETIN, Romanian economy, Tourism | , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

IRICE PRESIDENT, PROFESSOR DR. ANTON CARAGEA RECEIVES DENMARK AMBASSADOR H.E. KARSTEN VAGN NIELSEN

On 26 February 2016, the official cooperation meeting between Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President General Director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation and H.E. Karsten Vagn Nielsen, Ambassador of  Kingdom of Denmark had taken place.

IRICE President Anton Caragea and Ambassador of Denmark

Open and amicable dialogue between Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and Danish Ambassador- Karsten Vagn Nielsen 

 

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea open the dialogue by underlining the friendly interest towards the recent evolution`s in Denmark, evolutions that are consolidating Denmark economic development and are creating a perfect opportunity for Danish business people and enterprises in manifesting a real interest for the prospects offered by Romanian economy.

Specially interesting areas are: agricultural field and green energies and renewable industries, areas that Danish company have a real know how tradition, emphasized Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea.

Consultari Presedinte Dr. Anton Caragea si Ambasadorul Danemarcei-Karsten Vagn Nielsen

H.E. Ambassador Karsten Vagn Nielsen outlined the latest achievements in bilateral relations and marked the growing contribution of Romanian community working and building an existence in the Kingdom of Denmark and marked the fact that the Romanian community is a prominent tool in developing cultural relations and building new bridges of understanding between Romania and Denmark.

 

Ambassador Karsten Vagn Nielsen took the opportunity to emphasize on the new projects developed in Romania by Danish companies that are investing in diary industry and presented the pride of the embassy: the project of assuring medical assistance for rural and remote areas with the help offered by Danish companies present on Romanian market.

The parties had appreciated that between Romanian and Denmark there are  large areas of common interests , designed to forge a good understanding  between the two nations.

The Romania- Denmark relationship must be an example for a better relation between Romania and Northern Europe region.

They had concurred that now it is an auspicious moment for reconstructing and rebuilding this framework of dialogue and friendship.

The dialogue had continued on concrete aspects and analyses of economic, political and cultural bilateral relations and on ways of fostering this dialogue on to the future.

The discussion led the foundations of continuing the dialogue and putting a more energetic outlook in the relations between Romania and Kingdom of Denmark.

More PR informations about this meeting can be read out here: PRESIDENT OFFICE

February 28, 2016 Posted by | Anton Caragea, Blackseanews Agency, Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Ecology, Economy, Foreign policy, Informations, Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, International Relation, Leaders, Mass media, News, OECD-Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, Romanian economic crisis, Romanian economy, Romanian Foreign Policy | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

KAZAKH EPIC MOVIE-“THE WAY OF THE LEADER” WELCOMED WITH ENTHUSIASM AT BUCHAREST FILM FESTIVAL

National Library of Romania hosted, between 27 to 30 November 2015, the largest festival of Kazakh film in Europe.

The event was hosted in the city of Bucharest and included nine  pictures by famous Kazakhstan film directors, representative for country high skilled cinema.

President Dr. Anton Caragea and Kazakh actor Asylkhan Tolepov

Sharing a relaxed moment: Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and Kazakh actor, Asylkhan Tolepov, pointing to the poster of famous Kazakh historical epic: The Host of Myn Bala.

 

The movies brought to Bucharest are “The Way of the Leader a series of four movies about the life and coming to age and political prowess of President of Kazakhstan: Nursultan Nazarbayev. Other movies are the mega production: “Nomad”, “Zheruyik” (Land of Promise), “Zhauzhurek Myn Bala” (The Host of Myn Bala), “Kyz Zhibek” and “Birzhan Sal”.

The opening bell of the Kazakh Movie Festival in Europe has ranged on 27 November 2015.

Opening the event, the Ambassador of Kazakhstan to Romania, Daulet Batrashev, noted that such an event enables Romanian people to open to the  uniqueness and charm of Kazakh culture and get familiarized themselves with our rich culture and history.

IRICE President-Anton Caragea and parliament Vice-President Florin Iordache

IRICE President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and Romanian Parliament Vice-President-Florin Iordache are giving an enthuse ovation to the full hearted speech of Kazakhstan Ambassador-Daulet Batrashev.

Ambassador Daulet Batrashev expressed confidence that the festival would greatly contribute to the development of cultural collaboration and will promote the rapprochement of the Kazakh and Romanian nations.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, said that the organization of the Festival it is befitting in the context of celebration of the 550th anniversary of the Kazakh Khanate and the Day of the First President of Kazakhstan.

It is by no way a chance that on 1st December, Romania is celebrating here unity day and Kazakhstan is celebrating the Day of the First President, Nursultan Nazarbayev the man who united all the people of Kazakhstan behind his furled banner.

The event was also attended by Zhanna Kuanysheva, a famous actress from Kazakhstan and the young main actor from the Host of Myn Bala-Asylkhan Tolepov.

According Mrs. Zhanna Kuanysheva, the Kazakh Film Studio is currently shooting a number of interesting projects.

Some of them will be showcased during well-known international cinematography contests.

Vice-President of the Romanian Parliament, Mr. Florin Iordache, mentioned that  Kazakh Film Festival is a perfect gift from Kazakhstan, on the occasion of the National Day of Romania – December 1.

“The Kazakh Film Festival is an unique event in cultural life of Bucharest”

 

One day prior, Romanian Parliament listen to President Nursultan Nazarabyev ambitious vision in creating a perfect society in Kazakhstan and today we can see the events that shape President Nazarbayev life.

It is a perfect experience, concluded Parliament Vice-President Iordache.

Kazakhstan Ambassador daulet batrashev speeking with members of Romanian community in Kazakhstan and professor dr. Anton Caragea speaking with Ambassador Paul Brummel and his party

A good event is marked by a good atmosphere: (in the right corner) Kazakhstan Ambassador speaking with members of Romanian community from Kazakhstan and in the left corner: Professor Dr. Anton Caragea in an amicable exchange with British Ambassador Paul Brummel and his party.

 

The Festival continues the good traditions of cultural exchange between Kazakhstan and Romania and on 8 December 2015 on the occasion of National Day of Kazakhstan celebrations in Romania, the Embassy of Kazakhstan will host a concert of Kazakhstani violinist Arman Murzagaliyev.

December 2, 2015 Posted by | Anton Caragea, Blackseanews Agency, Daulet Batrashev, Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Ecology, Foreign policy, History, Informations, Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, International Relation, Kazakhstan, Mass media, Nursultan Nazarbayev, Orient, Oriental Art, Politics, President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, President Dr. Anton Caragea, President Nursultan Nazarbaev, President Nursultan Nazarbayev, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, Romanian Foreign Policy | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Kazakh Khanate it is a great creation of the nomadic civilization say`s Kazakhstan Ambassador to Romania- Daulet Batrashev

Remarks

by Ambassador of Kazakhstan Daulet Batrashev on the Conference dedicated to the celebration of the 550th anniversary of the foundation of

the Kazakh Khanate (Statehood)

 

Sultan Zhanibek

Sultan Kerey

Sultans Zhanibek and Kerey-the founding fathers of Kazakh Khanate in Taraz-1465

October, 6, 2015

Targoviste city

Your Excellencies,

Dear friends!

 

This is a highly symbolic year for all citizens of my country.

It was exactly 550 years ago, in the center of the Eurasian continent, that our ancestors founded the Kazakh Khanate, a great creation of the nomadic civilization.

It was the starting point in the centuries-long nationhood of our people, which has found its fullest expression in the modern country named Kazakhstan.

As our head of the state, Nursultan Nazarbayev has written:  “Assessing Kazakh history, we must abandon the many stereotypes and instead understand properly what aspects of traditional Kazakh society have ‘imprinted’ themselves into our modern nation.”

It is this centuries-long period of the history of our country that laid the foundation not only of our modern state but also of our multi-vector foreign policy.

The Kazakh Khanate was not, of course, the first chapter in the history of the Kazakh people.

It was heir to the Great Steppe empires – the Turkic Kaganate (of the 6th to 8th centuries) and Eke Mongol Ulus (the Great Empire of Genghis Khan).

However, their origins and development can be traced much further back in time.

The ancient history of the Great Eurasian steppe zone is primarily a history of militant nomadic tribes.

The current territory of Kazakhstan were lands inhabited by Iranian-speaking and Turkic-speaking tribes: the Saka, Kangly, Usuns and Huns.

These ethnic groups had to permanently overcome the twists and turns of war, established diplomatic relations, concluded trade agreements, struck political and military alliances, to extend permanently the territorial framework for the future Kazakh state of today.

Even in the second half of the 5th century BC the man known as the Father of History, the Greek author Herodotus described the vast eastern country of Scythia, which would be also known as “the country of Saka people”.

Ancient Persian sources placed Saka, the population of Great Steppe, to the north of the Amudarya and Syrdarya rivers.

The Saka civilization to the west was in contact with the Ancient Greeks and to the east with the Chinese.

Picture4

The Silk Road was crossing the heartland of Kazakh Khanate

To the south, the Saka’s nomadic country of Turan bordered Iran, the land of Indo-Aryan people.

It was this era when the Silk Road, the trade artery linking the early civilizations of East and West first began to emerge.

We also saw the rise of the first political entities within the present territory of Kazakhstan.

 Some historians cite Zoroastrianism’s sacred book of Avesta to point to a state named Kangkha in the midstream of the Syrdarya River around the 7th and 6th centuries BC.

According to ancient Chinese document, the Book of Han, roughly the same areas were occupied in the 2nd century BC by the State of Kangyui.

A successor to the political traditions of the Saka tribes, covering roughly the lands of modern-day southeastern Kazakhstan and northern Kyrgyzstan, was the State of Usun.

The arrival of the Great Empire of Huns signaled a milestone in the ethnic, cultural and political development of the people of this land.

In the middle of the 6th century, a decisive role in the development of language, culture and the worldview of the tribes inhabiting Kazakhstan was played by the Turk Empire or Turkic Kaganate (referred to in written sources as “Turkic El”), a  major power of the Early Middle Age.

 The first kagans’ policies were so in tune with the interests of all Turkic tribes that the limits of their authority quickly expanded as far as the Black Sea in the west and the Great Wall of China in the east.

Based on authoritative historical sources, President Nazarbayev has written, “The first Turkic Empire (552-603) was part of the system of political and economic relations between Byzantium, Iran and China.

Presidentele Nursultan Nazarbayev-creatorul Kazahstanului moderna-web

 President Nursultan Nazarbayev has succeeded in putting in the center of the modern Kazakhstan the values of history and tradition

 In its heyday, the Turkic Empire stretched from Manchuria to the Gulf of Kerch and from the Yenisei River to the Amu Darya. Therefore Turkic Kagans became the creators of the first Eurasian empire”.

According to both medieval and modern historians, the Turkic states were the direct successors of the Hun Empire.

The Turks, drawing on the achievements of western and eastern nations, created a distinctive culture with its own writing system, the so-called Orkhon-Yenisei runic script.

Being at the crossroads of different religions, such as Tengrism, Christianity, and Buddhism, the Turkic Kaganate also played a huge role in their subsequent development.

Following the collapse of the Turkic Kaganate, a series of new ethno-political unions of Turkic tribes emerged one after another.

In the area of the Irtysh River, the State of Kimaks appeared in the late 8th century.

Its fall was caused by a powerful wave of migration from the east and in the middle of the 9th century began the rise of Kypchaks.

Eventually they occupied much of Eurasia’s Great Steppe, with its borders  stretching from the Irtysh to the west as far as the Danube’s mouth, with the entire area labeled in Arabic and Persian sources of the period as Desht-i Kypchak (or the Kypchak Steppe).

In Russian sources, the Kypchaks were called Polovtsy and European ones named them Kumans or Kuns.

During the 12th and 13th centuries in Desht-i Kypchak there was a migration of large masses of the population.

The Kypchak confederation was a set of clans and tribes, brought together by both military and economic factors and from which the cultural and linguistic unity of the people gradually emerged.

The fundamental transformation of political and cultural values, economic and ethnic components of Eurasian political entities came in the 13th century after the unification of the entire nomadic Central Asian peoples under the Mongol Empire or Horde led by Genghis Khan.

This emerged following the Supreme congress of nomadic tribes or QURULTAYin 1206.

Ambassador Daulet Batrashev at Kazakhstan 550 years celebration

Kazakhstan Ambassador-Daulet Batrashev presents a detailed outline of the importance and significance of 550 years of Kazakhstan history

Renowned early 20th century Russian historian of Central Asia Vasily Bartold highlighted the deep connections between the Turkic Kaganate and Genghis Khan’s Empire.

According to him, the numerically dominant Turkic-speaking tribes gradually assimilated the core group of Mongolian-speaking warriors in central parts of the Eurasian plains to shape new state entities in the Great Steppe.

Another milestone event for the future of the Kazakh Khanate was the partition of the empire of Genghis Khan into several smaller informal states.

Among them, perhaps the largest was the Golden Horde (Altyn Orda) managed by the descendants of his eldest son Juchi.

The Golden Horde was the first centralized state in post-Mongol period that included most of the modern Kazakhstan’s territories.

Initially part of the Mongol Empire, it was under the control of Genghis Khan’s grandson, Batu (1242-1256), who behaved essentially as an independent ruler.

The key principles of nomadic statehood, which were laid in the foundation of the Golden Horde, were relevant for several other political entities, which developed from Genghis Khan’s descendants in the Great Steppe including the White Horde, the Abulkhair Khanate, Moghulistan, and eventually, the Kazakh Khanate.

Banner 550 years of Kazakhstan statehood10-webUnlike in the previous era, each of these had a number of important features as they emerged largely or exclusively on the territory of modern Kazakhstan.

They had similar political structures and far-reaching similarities in their economic and cultural development.

 In addition, they had common dynastic origin, sharing the tradition derived from Gengis Khan and his descendants of the exclusive right of authority.

In the broader historical context, the remarkable civilization of the Great Eurasian Steppe in the medieval period left its imprint on the development of many of its neighbors too including Iran, China, India, Byzantium, Russia and the countries of Eastern Europe.

It was on the basis of the nomadic civilization that the Kazakh people’s first formalized state emerged and on which the best traditions and accomplishments of political, economic, social and cultural development of the peoples inhabiting the lands of modern-day Kazakhstan are now based.

The new state’s very name – the Kazakh Khanate – confirmed the emergence of a new and hitherto unknown political entity in the 15th century’s historical arena.

The 16th century Central Asian historian Mirza Mohammed Haydar Dulati reported that the Kazakh Khanate was formed in autumn 1465 in the valleys of rivers Chu and Talas in the modern Zhambyl Region in South and South-Eastern Kazakhstan.

This followed the migration of numerous tribes led by the sultans Kerei and Zhanibek that rebelled against the despotic rule of Abulkhair Khan from the rival dynastic branch of Shaibanids.

With the consolidation of the new state, a centralized system of political authority was established in the Great Steppe.

Picture1

The fall of the Shaybanid dynasty cleared the path for the establishment of Kazakh Khanate and for three centuries of stability in Central Asia under the kazakh control. 

Legislative and executive powers were concentrated in the hands of a supreme ruler – Khan, who also performed the duties of a military commander.

The executive and legislative powers of Khan were regulated by such legislative acts of the Kazakhs as the QASYM KHANNYN QASQA ZHOLY (Kassym Khan’s Trodden Path), ESIM KHANNYN ESKI ZHOLY (Esim Khan’s Old Path), and ZHETI ZHARGY (Seven Laws).

These were official documents that regulated public policy and society’s functioning in general.

In turn, these laws were based on the centuries-old customs and traditions of the people.

These codes shaped the public administration of the Kazakh State and defined the concept of “Steppe Democracy.”

The Kazakh society had the right to openly regulate the complicated issues of domestic and foreign policy by electing judges – BIYS, who represented the people’s interests.

A special role in strengthening the Kazakh Khanate, promoting the idea of unity and spreading its message to the people as a whole was played by spiritual leaders – storytellers – ZHYRAUS and AKYNS, as well as musicians – KUISHI.

 Through their works, they raised issues such as the power and responsibility of the KHANS, BIYS, and BATYRS (knights) in securing the independence of the people.

They also drew attention to the importance of foreign policy and international relations, as well as educating the younger generation.

Founded in 1465, the Kazakh Khanate over two and a half centuries evolved.  Its economic, political and cultural policies developed and strengthened.

Timely changes helped strengthen the national spirit of the Kazakh people.

In the 16th century, the Kazakh Khanate was already known throughout much of Eurasia.

Picture3

According to the renowned Russian scholars Vladimir Dahl and Nikolay Baskakov, the ethnic name of “Kazakh” has Turkic origins.

In old Turkic sources the concept of “qazaqlyq” was used as a symbol of freedom and the free way of life.

As Baskakov noted, all interpretations of the word “Kazakh” are related to each other and have common roots, which mean an “independent person”.

He wrote, “the same meaning is associated with the name of Turkic nationality – Kazakhs – and it means a free and independent nomad”.

The early 16th century source known as Zayn ad-Din Vasifi’sBadai Al-wakai” labelled the lands ruled by Kazakh khans as “Kazakhstan”.

The map drawn in 1562 based on information collected by the English traveller and diplomat Anthony Jenkinson – the envoy in Moscow for the English Queens Mary and later Elizabeth the First named the vast land between “Tashkent” in the south and “Siberia” in the north as “Cassackia”.

The greatest political prominence and territorial expansion of the Kazakh Khanate was under the reigns of Khan Qasym who ruled between 1511 and 1523 and later Khan Khak-Nazar who ruled between 1538 and 1580.

During these periods, the Kazakh khans pursued active, independent domestic and foreign policies.

They ruled the lands between the Caspian Sea to the Altay Mountains, an area quite similar in its shape to the outline of modern Kazakhstan.

Already during this period, foreign policy was determined by a number of important directions, or vectors, which would find their continuation later.

It was during this time, for instance, that early diplomatic relations were established with Russia.

By the 17th century, the process of forming a single nation was generally complete.

As a result, all Turkic and non-Turkic tribes of Central Asia, ruled by the Kazakh Khanate, consolidated into an entity known as Kazakhs.

Picture9Ethnic traditions, customs, a common religion, language and culture were established.

The Kazakh Khanate’s rulers and their people fought hard to preserve the integrity of their national territory.

It was only through the unity of the Kazakh people that external aggression, civil strife and separatist tendencies of individual rulers could be overcome.

We must not also forget the Steppe diplomacy that successfully operated across the vast lands of Eurasia.

The Kazakh Khanate gradually but confidently emerged as an independent force in international relations.

The Kazakh State rulers carried out their foreign policy by diplomatic activity based on rules drawn up from their practical experiences of negotiations with representative of other states.

Only a nation with genes of peacefulness, good-neighbourliness and tolerance in its blood could have safeguarded such a vast territory through the art of diplomacy.

These have become the principles of a multi-vector policy, balance and pragmatism of contemporary Kazakh diplomacy.

The Kazakh Khanate’s history was, however, cut short by a number of negative factors.

In particular, military forces were depleted as a result of the bloody defensive wars of 17th and 18th centuries against a powerful nomadic Empire of the Jungars and the parallel expansion of a new dominant power in Eurasia – the Russian Empire.

It was the Russian Empire, which eventually incorporated lands of the Kazakh khanate – partly voluntarily, partly conquered by force of European weaponry, in the 130 years between 1731 and 1865.

Then followed a controversial, although not a totally negative, period of development under the rule of Russian Tsars.

In the early 20th century, when Russia faced a wave of revolutionary democratic activism, a fresh impetus for Kazakh statehood came from the activities of a new generation of Kazakh intellectuals.

This resulted in formation of the short-lived government of ALASH ORDA, with Alash being a synonym of the name Kazakh.

The All-Kazakh Congress, held in Orenburg city in 1917, created a territorial and national autonomy “Alash” embracing a number of regions with Kazakh population.

All executive powers were passed to the Temporary National Council of Alash Orda, which consisted of 25 members and was led by the eminent statesman, liberal politician, and true patriot Alikhan Bukeykhanov.

Assessing the significance of those events, President Nursultan Nazarbayev in his book “In the Stream of History” wrote that through the Government of Alash Orda: “The Kazakh nation obtained a real chance to reach its primary objective of recreating a national statehood.

However, the peaceful development of events was interrupted by a new crisis in the Russian society, which led to the establishment of a dictatorship of the Bolshevik party”.

Nevertheless, these new socio-political realities led to Kazakhstan having a chance to recapture some form of nationhood.

Milestone events in this process were the creation of the Kazakh Autonomous Soviet Republic in 1920 and of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic in 1936.

However, the truth is that autonomous Kazakh statehood existed only formally.

In reality, there was limited sovereignty and a significant dependence of its authorities first on the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and later on the Soviet Union’s leadership.

This all changed with the independence that Kazakhstan gained in 1991, which saw a new stage of Kazakh statehood.

This heralded dynamic political, economic, social and cultural development.

People throughout the world are now aware of our nation’s achievements during this period.

They include the move of our nation’s capital, hosting the OSCE Summit in Astana and the Congresses of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions, the triumph of our Olympic team in London 2012, and winning the right to host the EXPO 2017 in Astana.

In his 2012 State-of-the Nation Address, President Nazarbayev set out our country’s development strategy until 2050 to build on all we have achieved.

That is why the 550th anniversary of the first national state of the Kazakhs is so important to our country and people.

In September, with the participation of our President and many foreign visitors, there was a celebration of this significant historical milestone.

It will coincide with a major international conference, which will bring together scholars from around the world who study issues related to the history of the Kazakh khanate.

 

In October, the ancient city of Taraz in the south of our country will host further celebrations.

Taraz

Taraz-the capital city of Kazakh Khanate and the place of the 1465 proclamation of the first Kazakh state by Sultans Zhanibek and Kerey (reconstruction)

Taraz is the capital of the region where the actual events of the formation of the Kazakh khanate took place.

There, on October 8, Kazakhstan will hold a big celebration under the open sky to recreate the atmosphere of those historic events that happened on this land 550 years ago.

Your Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen,

 

Thank you for listening to my attempt to explain the importance of the celebration of the 550th anniversary of the Kazakh khanate for our nation.

I believe this will help improve understanding of the history and identity of the people of Kazakhstan.

Let me end what has been a lengthier statement than usual.

Thank you for your attention. I would be delighted to answer any questions and to hear your opinions and comments on what I have said.

October 13, 2015 Posted by | Astana, Blackseanews Agency, Daulet Batrashev, Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Economy, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Kazakhstan, Leaders, Mass media, News, Nursultan Nazarbayev, Politics, President Nursultan Nazarbaev, President Nursultan Nazarbayev, Religion | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

ROMANIA CELEBRATES WORLD TOURISM DAY-2015

Romania had celebrated, on 27 September 2015, the WORLD TOURISM DAY, under the banner approved by United Nation`s: One billion tourists! One billion opportunities!

world Tourism day

The event has being organized by the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation at Romanian Parliament and brought together governmental officials, parliamentarians from economy, industry, environment and tourism committees and diplomats accredited to Bucharest.

The event hosted at Romanian Parliament has marked the WORLD TOURISM DAY and has taken place under the high patronage of European Council on Tourism and Trade.

Romanian Parliament1

This year ceremonies where concentrated on Africa growing role in global tourism rapid development and Ethiopia- WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION FOR 2015.

On this occasion, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea-President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation unveiled his official message for WORLD TOURISM DAY-2015.

Delegatia italiana

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea-President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation welcomes Italian delegation at WORLD TOURISM DAY-2015.

This year´s celebration of World Tourism Day must focus on the ability of tourism to transform society, to enable progress and to empower people’s and nations around the world.

Engaging peoples and nations in tourism progress is the dint by which we are building stronger and more resilient communities.

Tourism it helps people to master a variety of skills and to become masters of their life`s.

 One billion tourists across the world, are one billion opportunities for nations to develop, to integrate, to become better known and ultimately to progress further.

Tourism is having an all out positive impact on agriculture, construction or handicrafts.

In a nutshell, tourism creates millions of jobs and business opportunities.

Tourism is having the capacity to lift people from poverty, promote gender empowerment and help protect the environment.

Today on World Tourism Day, we are celebrating his inner ability to constitute itself in a primordial tool to achieve positive change in communities across the world.

On World Tourism Day, I encourage the international tourism actors and key stakeholders to carve out sustainable policies and ensure that nations and communities worldwide rip the benefits of one billion tourists every year and enjoy the opportunities generated by tourism.

September 26, 2015 Posted by | Anton Caragea, Blackseanews Agency, Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Ecology, Economy, Environment, Foreign policy, Informations, Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, International Relation, Leaders, Mass media, News, President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, President Dr. Anton Caragea, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, Romanian Foreign Policy, Tourism, Travel, UNESCO Heritage List, United Nations Global Compact, Universities, World Tourism Day | , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

REAFFIRMED FRIENDSHIP: ROMANIA AND VENEZUELA

On 11 June 2015, a friendly and cooperation meeting had taken place between Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea, President Director-General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation and H.E. Victor Ramon Carazo, Ambassador of  Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Ambassador Victor Ramon Carazo and President Anton Caragea

A friendly dialogue between H.E. Ambassador Victor Ramon Carazo and IRICE President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea 

Prof. Dr. Anton Caragea express his amicable fillings and friendly interest towards the recent evolution`s in Venezuela, evolutions that are consolidating Venezuela`s economic development and independence, open society and are creating a sense of perfect unity between the people of Venezuela and the government.

Venezuela`s revolutionary transformation true to Commander Hugo Chavez Frias legacy under the supervision and guidance of President Nicolas Maduro, is witnessed with sympathy and interest in Romania, stated Prof. Dr.Anton Caragea.

H.E. Ambassador Victor Ramon Carazo presented the latest evolutions in the frame of bilateral relations, emphasizing the numerous solidarity activities of people of Romania with Venezuela`s revolutionaries evolutions and building new bridges of understanding between Romania and Venezuela.

The parties had appreciated that between Romanian and Venezuela there are many  common interests, designed to forge a good understanding  between the two nations .

The Romania-Venezuela relationship must be an example for a better relation between Romania and Latin America.

If in the last decade the bilateral dialogue with this area was faltering, now it is a auspicious moment for reconstructing and rebuilding this framework of dialogue and friendship with Venezuela as the prime gate for Romania`s access.

The dialogue had continued on concrete aspects and analyses of economic, political and cultural bilateral relations and on ways of fostering this dialogue on to the future.

The discussion led the foundations of continuing the dialogue and  fostering the relations between Romania and the heart of Latin America-Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

June 14, 2015 Posted by | Blackseanews Agency, Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Economy, Informations, Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, International Relation, Latin America, Leaders, Mass media, News, Politics, President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, President Dr. Anton Caragea, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, Romanian economy, Romanian Foreign Policy, Romanian Revolution, Venezuela | , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

ROMANIA WILL MONITOR EARLY KAZAKHSTAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS ON 26 APRIL 2015

Between 22 to 29 April 2015, an on site Monitoring Mission for Early Presidential Elections of Kazakhstan will be deployed by the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation in Kazakhstan.

The announcement was made by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation  upon receiving the preliminary report on the 26 April 2015 Presidential Election in Kazakhstan.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea leading the Romanian Monitoring Delegation to Kazakhstan Parliamentary elections (2007)

  The report highlighted that: the necessary steps in order to insure an honest and balanced electoral consultation respecting democratic standards were fully taken by The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.”

Kazakhstan is a fully flagged democratic state with a long track record of holding free and fair parliamentary and presidential elections.

 Romanian delegations where involved in electoral monitoring missions in 2007, 2012 parliamentary election and in 2011 presidential elections in Kazakhstan, offering a clean bill of health to the organization and managerial process of the electoral activities in Kazakhstan.

Kazakhstan has succeeded in asserting himself as a pillar of democracy and economic development in the world and as powerful factor of balance on international arena.

Kazakhstan has succeeded in holding the most successful chairmanship of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in 2010 and pushing forward a revolutionary reform of the organization.

Kazakhstan has asserted himself as a global leader by promoting the agenda of a Conference for Security and Cooperation in Europe and Asia, promoting the relinquishing of atomic weapons with ATOM Project in Seoul International Conference and hosted for two years in a row (an exceptional achievement) the Presidency of Organization of Islamic Conference.

Kazakhstan also obtained the hosting of World Expo 2017, putting forward the most ambitious project of renewable energy production and of ecological prowess.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea presenting the final report on Kazakhstan Presidential Elections 2011

 

 Finally Kazakhstan was inscribed amongst 50 most developed world nations and will reach the top 30 developed nations by 2020 and has just launch an ambitions economic program called: Bright Path-Nurly Zhol.

  Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation   summarized, with this presentation, the today world standing of Kazakhstan as a driving force of humanity and express Romanian commitment in helping Kazakhstan fostering his democratic society project and in promoting Kazakhstan as a world example of open society.

Until today, Kazakhstan has succeeded in organizing elections fully complying with international norms   and the preliminary legal evaluation show promising signs for 26 April 2015 Presidential Elections, concluded his assessment Professor Dr. Anton Caragea congratulating senators Marcel Dumitru Bujor, Ionel Agrigoroaei, Constantin Popa, academicians lead by Professor Dr. Mircea Constantinescu and electoral experts team lead by Mr. Gheorghe Cealfa for their efforts.

A final report on Early Presidential Elections in Kazakhstan will be made public after the delegation return from Kazakhstan comprising all the Election Day activities, announced IRICE President.

April 20, 2015 Posted by | Astana, Blackseanews Agency, Eastern Europe, Foreign policy, Informations, Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, International Relation, Islam, Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan Presidential Election 2015., Mass media, News, Nursultan Nazarbayev, Open Letter, OSCE-Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, President Director General of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, President Nursultan Nazarbayev, Romanian Foreign Policy, Universities | , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments