Centrul Diplomatic/Diplomatic Center

Centrul de Studii Politice si Diplomatie/ Center for Political Science and Diplomacy

HATEG: THE HEARTLAND OF ROMANIAN HISTORY

HATEG: THE HEARTLAND OF ROMANIA 

LANDMARKS OF VISIT BY PROFESSOR DR. ANTON CARAGEA AND AMBASSADORS GROUP

( 6-9 July 2012)

 The Table of Silence –

“Masa tăcerii”

The Table of Silence is one of the three sculptural components from Targu-Jiu, made by Constantin Brancusi along with The Gate of the Kiss (Poarta Sărutului) and The Endless Column (Coloana infinitului), which constitutes an homage to the hero soldiers fallen during the First World War. The Table of Silence (Masa Tacerii) is made in limestone and it has the following dimensions: panel diameter 2,15 meters, thick 0,43 m and the leg is 2 m in diameter and 0,45 m thick. According to the exegetes of the Brancusian art, the Table of Silence represents the table around which gather the soldiers before confronting their enemy. At the same time, the chairs stand for the time disposed in hourglasses. Some make an analogy with The Last Supper of Leonardo da Vinci.

This table creates a poetic visual metaphor where visual and conceptual ideas are realized. The Table of Silence is a silent space to let people reflect, talk and express themselves. Silence is the condition necessary for listening.

 

 

 

The Gate of the Kiss – “Poarta Sărutului”

 

The Kiss Gate (Poarta Sărutului) is the second element of the Monumental Ensemble triptych in The Central Park of Târgu Jiu. Technically speaking, it is 5,13 m high, 5,45 m long and the pillars have 1,69 m width. This time, the material used was Banpotoc travertine and in order to achieve the Gate, Brancusi was helped by two stone carvers: Ion Alexandrescu from Bucharest and Golea from Dobrita. It’s significance is very simple: the Kiss Gate makes the transition to another life, and the motif on the pillars stands for the eyes looking inside.

 

“The Bolii Cave ”

 

Bolii Cave is a natural breakdown, accessible along its entire length, one of the few caves of its kind in the country. The name probably comes from the Bolia family who had from the 15th century land properties and forests in the area.

The cave begins where Jupaneasa Creek is lost in the Jurassic limestone package through a spectacular portal of 20 meters at the base and 10 meters high. The main gallery of the cave is generally of large dimensions, sometimes expanding into real spacious rooms. Some drain formations appear in the high places and on the ceiling of the gallery. At the exit of the cave the creek it’s named Galbina. In the ’60s the cave was decorated with crossing bridges over the creek but they were destroyed over time. There were installed culverts to facilitate the safe crossing of the underground hole.

 

 

Densuş Church

The Densuş Church (also known as St Nicholas’ Church) in the village of Densuş, Hunedoara County, Romania is one of the oldest Romanian churches still standing. It was built in the 7th century with additions made in the 13th century on the site of a 2nd century Roman temple, with some materials from the Dacian Sarmizegetusa fortress. It has a stone tower above the naos. Inside the church there are 15th century mural paintings that show Jesus wearing Romanian traditional clothes.

It is considered that on the setting of the present day church, there was once a Dacian temple dedicated to Zamolxis, upon which the conquering Romans built a temple dedicated to the god Mars. After the Roman administrative withdrawal, the temple became a Christian church, and sermons were held there. Its present form dates from the beginning of the 12th century. Considering its tradition, it dates from the 4th century AD, and is considered the oldest church in Romania and South East Europe, and historically its present form dates from the 12th century.

Sarmisegetuza Regia

Sarmisegetusa Regia was the capital and the most important military, religious and political center of the Dacians. Erected on top of a 1,200 m high mountain, the fortress was the core of the strategic defensive system in the Orăştie Mountains, comprising six citadels. Sarmisegetusa Regia was the capital of Dacia prior to the wars with the Roman Empire.

It should not be confused with Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa, the Roman capital of Dacia built by Roman Emperor Traian, which was not the Dacian capital, located some 40 km away. Sarmizegetusa Ulpia was discovered earlier, was known already in the early 1900s, and initially confused with the Dacian capital. This inevitably led to inaccuracies regarding Dacian wars and Dacians military system based solely on insufficient information. Several hypotheses have been advanced to explain the origin of the name Sarmisegetusa. The most important are the following:

• ‘The citadel built of the palisades on mountain peak’ from ZERMI (*gher-mi, mountain peak, top cf. *gher ‘stone’, ‘high’) and ZEGE-T (*geg(h)t)

• ‘City of warm river’ from ZARMI ‘warm’ (derived from Sanskrit gharma ‘warm’) and ZEGET ‘flow’ (derived from Sanskrit sarj, bactrien harez; sarjana, harezâna ‘flow’), the city being named after the nearby river Sargetia

• ‘The palace that illuminates the world of life’ from “ZARMYA” ‘palace’ (Sanskrit harmya ‘palace’), ZEGETH ‘world of life’ (Sanskrit jagat, jigat ‘go’, ‘mobility / world of life’) and “USA” ‘illuminaing’ (‘enlightening’, ‘burning’)

 

 

“Cetatea de Colţ” also known as The Jules Verne Castle

The castle was built in the early XIV th century by the local ruler Candea. When he later switched to Catholicism changed his name to Kendeffy. The castle is in the Suseni village, Hunedoara county road DJ 686. It inspired the novel “The Carpathian Castle” by Jules Verne. Now, it is in a state of increased degradation, being practically a ruin. To get to it, you need to climb. It takes about 30-40 minutes, but the feeling and the view from there is incredible.

Retezat National Park

Retezat National Park was established in 1935, being the oldest Romanian national park in our country. It has over 20 highest mountain peaks over 2,000m in Romania. The mountain range gurgles with streams and has more than 80 glacial lakes. Here we can find the largest glacial lake in Romania – Bucura (8.8 ha), the highest peak in the Retezat Mountain – Peleaga (2,509 m. high) and the deepest glacial lake in Romania – Zanoaga (29 m deep). Traditional grazing activities are still practiced by local people.

 

 

Nucsoara Meadow

Botanical reserve, protected area of 4th category, with a surface of 20 ha, on the range of Nucşoara village, Sălaşu de Sus communa. Represents an artefact of ancient hydrophilical associations with the Peudedanum rochelianum endemism. Special landscape aspect due to the populations of Narcissus stellaris.

Lolaia Waterfall

Lolaia Falls is a spectacular natural attraction located at 1050 meters altitude in the north of the park and is accessible to visitors all year round by a passage called Carnic. This includes 90% of tourists who visit the park annually. Most of them did not know that a 5 minutes deviation from their route could bring about the special beauty of this waterfall where the ecotourism potential was compromised by the manner in which the attraction was flagged and highlighted. Tourists can reach the area by train up to a station called “Ohaba de sub Piatra” or “Subcetatea”. From the station there are buses that go to Carnic. Vehicle access is allowed all year round to Carnic. From here you are only 20 minutes away on foot to the waterfall.

“Campu Mielului” (The Lamb’s Meadow)

Campu Mielului is a flat field with a magnificent view heights towards Retezatul Mic.

Visit Lainici Monastery

It was constructed during the reign of Ioan Caragea Voievod between 1812 and 1817. The exterior of the church has been divided into two separate registers by a frieze built of brick having the shape of a semicircle. The paintings, which were done in fresco, have been well preserved in the porch. The tower has the shape of a square and serves as a belfry too.

The church was renovated in 1984. There have been constructed also modern outbuildings and facilities in the eastern and southern parts of the monastic complex, whereas the old ones have just been restored. An art collection that incorporated icons, liturgical objects and old printed books is also accommodated within the monastery. In 1990 commenced the construction of a new church. Construction activities have also been initiated on two monastic outbuildings: one of them has been designed for the members of the monastic community, and the other one has been designed for the administrative offices and for the library of the monastery.

 

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July 11, 2012 Posted by | Diplomacy, Economy, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Leaders, Mass media, News, Politics | Leave a comment

SUMMER DIPLOMATIC TRIP IN THE HEARTLAND OF ROMANIA: HATEG

The 2012 summer diplomatic trip was held on 6-9 July 2012 bringing ambassadors to the special place, world recognized as a perfect tourist destination, the heartland of Romania: Hateg –Retezat County.

At the invitation of Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, Director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, a group of ambassadors and their families where invited to attend the regular DISCOVER ROMANIA program.

Ambassadors of United Arab Emirates, Kazakhstan and Venezuela together with prof.dr.Anton Caragea at Retezat Waterfall 

As usually the diplomats were selected in recognition of their efforts in the previous year to strengthen the bilateral cooperation between their countries and Romania.

The diplomatic trip was managed by the renamed ecotourism and mountain team of WILD TIME lead by the leading conservationist Gabriel Paun.

Retezat Waterfall: monuments of nature 

  The travel route, in the Discover Hateg beauties theme trip, had concentrated on discovering the natural protected area`s (who`s World Goodwill Ambassador is professor dr. Anton Caragea starting from December 2011) but also to historical areas in which the Romanian people was born from the mist of times.

The ambassadors group has a perfect guide in the perfect team of WILD TIME travel agency lead by ecotourism expert Gabriel Paun and the manger of the WILD TIME team Mrs. Raluca Nicolae.

The WILD TIME team had carved a program in full accordance with his motto: live nature in harmony.

We must emphasize that WILD TIME has being chosen as official partner for public diplomacy for 2012/2013, in recognition of their exertions and professionalism in forging the eco friendly tourism concept in Romania.

The Hunyadi Castle in Hunedoara was the center of ambassadors attention. 

The diplomatic trip had concentrated in uncovering rare beauties areas such as: Hunedoara Cave, Morii River Natural Reservation, Retezat Natural Park, the former capital of roman Dacia province: Sarmizegetusa Regia, Densus Church       (the oldest Christianity Church in Central and East Europe), Hunyadi Castle from Hunedoara, Cheile Butii area, Lainici Monastery, founded by Caragea family, the Carpathian buffalo reserve, ceramic peasants factory`s, objectives from Ramnicu Valcea etc.

The Ambassadors Group at Densus-the oldest church in East and Center Europe.

Among the most special and treasured moments of the diplomats trip we can highlight : the special subterranean meal taken in Hunedoara cave where the ambassador core had enjoyed a special treatments with kindle lights and natural food products along the shore of a submerged river, the meeting with regional authorities in the heart of Retezat Natural Area, attending the rare event of delivery of a buffalo baby born in Natural Reserve and the ambassadors visit to Caragea family historical legacy: Lainici Monastery, where professor dr.Anton Caragea had presented special moments in the family and Romania`s history.

Lainici Monastery- Caragea family historical legacy 

The trip was a success in combining useful meetings and pleasant times, the ambassadors who taken part in the diplomatic trip had express their gratitude for the rare opportunity to discover a region so beautiful and rich in landscape and scenic spots.

The Ambassador group is traditionally welcomed with bread and salt .

The ambassadors who taken part in the diplomatic trip hold the unique privilege to reconstruct the road of discovery taken by Prince Charles of Great Britain in his Retezat trip and also they fallowed on the footsteps of famous travel documentary crew: Wild Carpathians.

Professor Anton Caragea, Director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania expressed his determination to make the new diplomatic trip for this summer in the Bucovina area, in order to further support the regional development and to enhance international recognition for Romanian tourism and to express romanian side appreciation for the efforts made by ambassadors  working in Romania.

Natural Charpatian Bufallo Rezerve had attracted the interest of ambassadors from Diplomatic Trip  

Ambassadors from Kazakhstan and Venezuela and Kazahstan and their families visiting the famous Kiss Gate of Constantin Brancusi from Targu Jiu

Kazakhstan Ambassador protecting nature in Rezervat .

United Arab Emirates Ambassador presenting a flower to the participants in the Summer 2012 Diplomatic Trip 

July 11, 2012 Posted by | Diplomacy, Economy, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Leaders, Mass media, News, Politics | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

VIZITA AMBASADORILOR IN INIMA ROMANIEI : HATEG

In perioada 6-9 iulie 2012, la invitatia prof.dr.Anton Caragea, Directorul Institutului de Relatii Internationale si Cooperare Economica  o delegatie de ambasadori si familiile lor au participat la o calatorie  de descoperire a frumusetilor Romaniei, in regiunea cunoscuta drept inima traditiilor romanesti : Hateg-Retezat.

Ambasadorii din Emiratele Arabe Unite , Kazahstan si Venezuela alaturi de prof.dr.Anton Caragea la cascada Retezat

La calatoria de descoperire a uneia din cele mai frumoase zone din tara au fost   invitati, in semn de apreciere pentru activitatea lor,  ambasadori care sau distins prin eforturile lor in ultimul an.

Calatoria a fost pefect realizata de catre cei mai cunoscuti profesionisti ai turismului montan si de protectie ecologica-echipa WILD TIME, condusa de inimosul  luptator pentru protectia ariilor naturale : Gabriel Paun.

Cascadele din Retezat: monumente ale naturii

Traseul calatoriei de descoperire a frumusetilor Hategului a urmarit atat descoperirea ariilor naturale protejate, al carui ambasador a fost ales prof.dr.Anton Caragea ( din decembrie 2011)  dar si a zonelor istorice legate de nasterea poporului roman.

Grupul ambasadorilor a avut ghidul perfect in echipa inimoasa a WILD TIME, condusa de expertul in ecoturism Gabriel Paun si directoarea agentiei WILD TIME- Raluca Nicolae si care au alcatuit un traseu in concordanta cu mottoul WILD TIME : sa ne bucuram de natura in armonie.

Mentionam ca pentru profesionalismul lor si eforturile sustinute de creare a unui turism fara impact asupra mediului, WILD TIME a fost ales ca partener oficial al activitatilor de diplomatie publica pentru anul 2012/2013.

Castelul Huniazilor a starnit entuziasmul ambasadorilor

Traseul a vizat descoperirea unor zone de o rara frumusete precum : Pestera Hunedoara , regiunea Raului Morii, Parcul Natural Retezat, fosta capitala a Daciei Romane : Sarmizegetusa Regia, Biserica de la Densus-locul de nastere al crestinismului in Transilvania ( cea mai veche biserica din Europa de Est si Sud), Castelul Huniazilor de la Hunedoara , zona Cheile Butii, manastirea de la Lainici, ctitorie a familiei Caragea, rezervatia de zimbrii carpatini, zona atelierelor de ceramica de la Horezu, obiective din Ramnicu Valcea etc.

Grupul ambasadorilor la Densus-cea mai veche biserica crestina din estul si centrul Europei.

Momente speciale ale vizitei au fost : masa in Pestera Hunedoara,  unde grupul ambasadorilor s-a delectat cu bunatati naturale, din Retezat, pe malul unui parau subteran,  la lumina lumanarilor in inima pesterii, intalnirea cu autoritatile regiunii in inima parcului natural Retezat, participarea la evenimentul rar al nasterii unui pui de zimbru si vizita ambasadorilor la ctitoria familiei Caragea : Manastirea Lainici, unde prof.dr.Anton Caragea a prezentat momente din istoria familiei si a Romaniei.

Manastirea Lainici-ctitorie a familiei Caragea 

Vizita a reusit sa imbine utilul cu placutul, ambasadorii multumind pentru  ca au avut oportunitatea rara de a descoperi o regiune de o deosebita frumusete si bogatie, unde ospitalitatea si bogatia se afla la ele acasa.

Grupul ambasadorilor e primit traditional cu paine si sare.

Ambasadorii invitati au avut privilegiul unic de a reconstitui drumul de descoperire a zonei Retezat facut de printul Charles al Marii Britanii si de echipa ce a realizat celebrul documentar Carpatii Salbatici.

Totodata profesorul Anton Caragea a anuntat ca Institutul de Relatii Internationale si Cooperare Economica va organiza o noua deplasare in aceasta vara, in regiunea Bucovina, pentru a sprijinii in continuare dezvoltarea economiei Romaniei si a atrage noi turisti, dar si pentru a rasplatii eforturile ambasadorilor in promovarea relatiilor dintre tarile lor si Romania.

Rezervatia naturala a zimbrilor din Retezat a atras atentia ambasadorilor din excursia diplomatica 

Ambasadorii din Venezuela si Kazahstan si familiile lor vizitand Poarta Sarutului de la Targu Jiu

Ambasadorul Kazahstanului protejeaza natura in Rezervatia Retezat.

Ambasadorul Emiratelor Arabe Unite ofera o floare participantilor la Calatoria Diplomatica 

July 11, 2012 Posted by | Foreign policy | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment