Centrul Diplomatic/Diplomatic Center

Centrul de Studii Politice si Diplomatie/ Center for Political Science and Diplomacy

CAUCASUS THE POWDER BARELL OF EUROPE? by Anton Caragea

CAUCASUS THE POWDER BARELL OF EUROPE?

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Caucasus: the place for the next war ?

 

In the XIX century it was usual to say about the Balkan Peninsula that here is the powder barrel of Europe where all the wars are starting. In XX century the Russian and German ambitions where making the Eastern Europe the powder barrel of Europe. The XXI century seems to have (besides Middle East) his own soft spot: the Caucasus region. Here an explosive mixture of dictatorship, military ambitions, Islamic fundamentalism and rich natural resources is threatening the Europe stability.

Georgia`s open wounds.

Off course the first thing that is crossing our minds in relation with Caucasus region is the Russian-Georgian war of 2008. The war left the region in tatters : Georgia has seen disappearing all his chances to join NATO or European Union in the forcible future, the Georgian army was crushed by a rudimentary Russian forced proving that Georgia is far from a position of strength in the region. Not at least Georgia has seen amputation of his territory by the independence proclamation of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. Both newly appeared countries are supported militarily and economically by Russia which is making any transgression against these two countries a casus belli. If Georgia does not relinquish his claims to this two regions will never be accepted to NATO and European Union, both organization requiring a prior settlement of frontiers as a part of any pre-joining negotiation. Now an isolated Georgia, a war ravage country confronted with street demonstration and an unpopular president with authoritarian tendencies is ready to embark at least in a war of words with Russia. In august 2009 a war of tension brooked out one more time between Russia and Georgia both trying to win a PR confrontation this time, war is a continuation of politics by other means used to say Clausewitz and Russian and Georgia are ready to continue their confrontation.

Tskhinval_after_Georgian_attack4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frozen conflicts.

The Georgian-Russian war is not the only conflict that is casting a shadow over the region prospects on a normal development.   The north of Caucasus seemed to be one more time engulf in the flames of radical Islam. In 1999 then Prime-Minister Putin has build his career on crushing the Chechen rebellion. Now ten year after the story is again on the front page of newspapers; Chechnya is burning.  In Ingushetia, a neighboring republic of Chechnya has seen in the last months his president badly wounded and two ministers assassinated and a radical increase in terrorist activity. In the old wound of Chechnya the Kremlin prodigy Ramzan Kadyrov is confronted with an Islamic revival, a chain of assassination and attacks plague the country and make even the Prime minister reloaded Vladimir Putin visiting the region in a desperate effort to prevent a new war in Chechnya that could be fatal to his political stature. Let`s not forget that Chechnya war has destroyed Boris Eltin popularity and toppled two Russians prime ministers.

The conflict has spelt into Dagestan and North Ossetia menacing the pro-Russian leaders and the stability of a difficult region. A new war in Caucasus in a crumbling economy with a Russian unreformed army could spell disaster for Russian renewed imperial ambitious.

Azerbaijan on the frontline.

Azerbaijan is not enjoying a comfortable position on power struggle on Caucasus. With a large part of the population of Shia confession (the same as Iran) the Azerbaijan is observing with increasing worry the rise in isolation of Iran. If a war is to broke up in the region Azerbaijan is crucial: first his air space must be used for aerial attacks on targets on Iran, the country radar system must be used to control Iran air space and any missile interception system to prevent attacks on Europe and Israel must be position here. Already the Israel president Shimon Peres made a landmark visit to Azerbaijan (June 2009), described by Israel Minister of Foreign Affairs as:  „to reaffirms the strategic relationship between the two countries”.

Azerbaijan is sharing a long border with Iran, an important Shia population and a common history and is having important internal issues that make the country fragile, economic crisis seriously crippled the economy; corruption is endemic and democracy inexistent. In this difficult portrait the Iran threat made public by Iranian Chief of Staff , Hasan Firudabadi, that said that is regarding Azerbaijan movement as inimical and the Iran ambassador in Baku was recalled for consultation .An attack on Iran could be fatal for Azerbaijan in the present diplomatically  and economical construction.

Caucasus: oil and gas battle.

As if the geopolitical confrontation in the region is not enough the resources battle is at an age here. The oil and gas resources of Caspic Sea are poring from this region either to Russia, or to Europe, also the reach wealth of Iran in gas and oil could be exported to Europe only by this region. Russia is trying to secure his control on energy route on Caucasus by building South Stream pipeline, by dismantling independent pipeline and exploit the military victory over Georgia as an incentive to control the region resources. European Union is trying to find alternative routes and reserves of gases, independent of Russian influence by building Nabucco bypassing Russia as main supplier. But the Nabucco pipeline must go by Caucasus region and the gas and oil reserves  are also in the region so economic date are making the future of the region even more cloudy then it seems.

Caucasus is looking like a fragile region, with authoritarian regimes, economic corruption and under an ongoing battle for influence and power between Russia, United States, European Union, Israel and Iran. Will be Caucasus the new powder barrel of Europe?    

Professor Anton Caragea PhD, MA, FINS

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August 27, 2009 Posted by | Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Ecology, Economy, Environment, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Leaders, Mass media, News, Politics, Religion, United States | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

PRESS RELEACE- EUCIR/ COMUNICAT DE PRESA-EUCIR

PRESS RELEACE.

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Between 15-16 august 2009 in Viena was held the first meeting of EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON INTERNATIONAL RELATION ( EUCIR) the leading EU think thank. The meeting was concentrating in shaping the future of the organisation for the next year 2009/2010 and to establish the main goal of the organisation. Professor Anton Caragea   has read the manifest of EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON INTERNATIONAL RELATION : RISE UP EUROPE, a call for an independent European diplomacy and voice. In his speech professor Anton Caragea has drow attention on the fact that : 

From the end of the Second World War Europe had suffered the cold war, the iron curtain and military occupations. This historical conjecture made it impossible for Europe to assert his unity as a continent, connected by history, culture, economic and culture legacy. 

 

The end of the Cold War change all this and Europe is enjoying one more time the chance of creating a common house for all his people.   This opportunity must not be missed and EUCIR is promoting first and foremost the opportunity of creating a Europe, united by his legacy and history and not divided.

 

Also EUCIR is the house for all does who think that Europe voice was silent for too many years on international arena. For too much the Europe position was not heard on key issues on international arena and humanity agenda. We at EUCIR believe that Europe is having the chance of asserting his voice, the power to claiming a new world direction, the economic resources to create the force in the world for a new tip of policy and the diplomatic and intellectual resources for a new world construction with equal opportunity for all, equilibrium of power and respect for United Nations.

 

We at EUCIR we believe that Europe could be a force for good in the world , a force for promoting democracy , social responsible free economy and to create a climate of international détente and cooperation necessary to tackle the important humanity issues.

 

We at EUCIR believe in an independent European voice of all nation that with a historical legacy and cultural connection build in the last two century could create new relation`s with all the major geopolitical areas of the world.

The meeting has concluded with the election of a new Board of EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON INTERNATIONAL RELATION .

www.eucir.com

 

 

COMUNICAT DE PRESA  

 

Intre 15 si 16 august 2009 la Viena a avut loc prima reuniune generala a CONSILIULUI EUROPEAN PENTRU RELATII INTERNATIONALE- EUCIR, cel mai important think thak european in domeniul relatiilor internationale.

Intalnirea s-a concentrat pe stabilirea principalelor elemente organizationale ale EUCIR, stabilirea parametrilor de dezvoltare a organizatiei in perioada 2009/2010  si deciderea principalelor tinte de interes pentru organizatie in aceasta perioada. Profesorul Anton Caragea  a dat citire manifestului organizatiei : Ridica-te Europa ! , un apel pentru  o diplomatie europeana activa si pentru un rol mai important al continentului european in problemele internationale.

www.eucir.com

August 17, 2009 Posted by | Diplomacy, Eastern Europe, Economy, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Leaders, Mass media, News, Politics, Syria | , , , | Leave a comment

ŞAPTE PUMNALE ÎN INIMA AMERICII DE FIDEL CASTRO

REFLECŢIILE COMANDANTULUI FIDEL:

       

ŞAPTE PUMNALE ÎN INIMA AMERICII

 Fidel Castro

   Citesc şi recitesc datele şi articolele elaborate de personalităţi inteligente, cunoscute sau puţin cunoscute, care scriu în diverse medii şi iau informaţia din surse nepuse la îndoială de nimeni.

    Popoarele care locuiesc pe planetă, în toate părţile, se confruntă cu riscuri economice, ambientale şi de război, derivate din politica Statelor Unite, dar nici o altă regiune de pe pământ nu este  ameninţată de probleme atât de grave cum sunt cele ale vecinilor, popoarele  situate pe acest continent la Sudul acestei ţări hegemoniste.

     Prezenţa imperiului atât de puternic, care pe toate continentele şi oceanele dispune de baze militare, portavioane şi submarine nucleare, vase de război moderne şi avioane de luptă sofisticate, purtătoare a tot felul de arme, sute de mii de soldaţi,  pentru care guvernul  pretinde impunitate absolută, constituie cea mai mare durere de cap pentru orice guvern, fie de stânga, centru sau dreapta, aliat sau nu al Statelor Unite.

   Problema, pentru cei care îi suntem vecini, nu este că acolo se vorbeşte altă limbă şi este o naţiune diferită. Există nordamericani de toate culorile şi de toate originile. Sunt persoane  la fel ca noi şi capabile de orice sentiment într-un sens sau altul. Dramatic este sistemul care s-a dezvoltat acolo şi l-au impus tuturor.  Asemenea sistem nu este nou în ceea ce priveşte folosirea forţei şi a metodelor de dominaţie care au prevalat de-a lungul istoriei.  Nouă este epoca în care trăim. A aborda subiectul  din punctele de vedere tradiţionale ar fi o eroare şi nu ajută pe nimeni. A citi şi a cunoaşte ceea ce gândesc apărătorii sistemului  ilustrează multe lucruri, pentru că înseamnă  că sunt conştienţi de natura unui sistem care  se bazează pe  apelul permanent la egoism şi la instinctele primare ale oamenilor.

    Dacă n-ar exista convingerea în valoarea conştiinţei şi a capacităţii ei de a prevala asupra instinctelor,  nu s-ar putea nici măcar exprima speranţa unei schimbări în orice perioadă din extrem de scurta istorie a omului. Nici nu s-ar putea înţelege teribilele obstacole care se ridică în calea diferiţilor lideri politici în ţările latinoamericane sau ibero-americane de pe emisferă. În definitiv, popoarele care trăiau în această regiune a planetei de zeci de mii de ani, până la faimoasa descoperire a Americii, n-aveau nimic de latin, de iberic sau de europeni; trăsăturile lor erau mai asemănătoare cu cele ale asiaticilor, de unde au  provenit străbunii lor.  Astăzi le vedem  pe feţele indienilor din Mexic, America Centrală, Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Brazilia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay şi Chile, o ţară unde araucanii au scris o pagină de neşters. În anumite zone din Canada şi Alaska îşi conservă rădăcinile indigene cu toată puritatea posibilă.  Dar pe teritoriul principal al Statelor Unite, o mare parte din  populaţiile antice a fost exterminată de conchistadorii albi.

    Aşa cum ştie toată lumea, milioane de africani au fost smulşi de pe pământurile lor şi duşi să muncească ca sclavi pe această emisferă. În unele ţări ca Haiti şi mare parte din insulele Mării Caraibelor, descendenţii lor constituie majoritatea populaţiei. În alte ţări formează  ample sectoare. În Statele Unite descendenţii de africani constituie zeci de milioane de cetăţeni care,  în general, sunt cei mai săraci şi discriminaţi.

    De-a lungul secolelor această ţară a reclamat drepturi privilegiate asupra continentului nostru. În epoca lui Marti, a încercat să impună o monedă unică bazată pe aur, un metal a cărui valoare a fost cea mai constantă de-a lungul istoriei. Comerţul internaţional, în general, se baza pe acesta. Azi nici măcar asta nu mai există. Din anii lui Nixon, comerţul mondial s-a instrumentat cu bilete de hârtie imprimate de Statele Unite: dolarul, o deviză care azi valorează de circa 27 de ori mai puţin ca la începutul anilor 70, aceasta fiind una din multele forme de a domina şi excroca restul lumii. Totuşi, astăzi, alte devize înlocuiesc dolarul în comerţul internaţional şi în rezervele de monede convertibile.

    Dacă pe de o parte devizele imperiului se devalorizează, în schimb rezervele de forţe militare cresc. Ştiinţa şi tehnologia cea mai modernă, monopolizate de super-putere, au fost dirijate în mod considerabil spre dezvoltarea  armelor. Actualmente nu se vorbeşte numai de mii de proiectile nucleare, sau de puterea distructivă modernă a armelor convenţionale;  se vorbeşte de avioane fără pilot,  conduse de automat. Nu este vorba de o simplă fantezie. Deja se folosesc unele avioane de acest tip în Afganistan şi alte locuri.  Rapoarte recente arată că într-un viitor relativ apropiat, în 2020,  cu mult înainte ca calota Antactidei să se topească, imperiul, cu cele 2500 de avioane de luptă, prevede că va dispune de 1100 de avioane de luptă F-35 şi F-22, în versiunile de vânătoare şi bombardament de generaţia a cincea. Pentru a avea o idee de acest potenţial, este de ajuns să spunem că cele de care dispun la baza Soto Cano, din Honduras, pentru antrenamentul piloţilor acestei ţări sunt F-5; cele pe care le-au furnizat forţelor aeriene ale Venezuelei înainte de venirea lui Chavez,  Chile şi alte ţări, erau mici escadrile de F-16.    Şi mai important, imperiul proiectează ca în decursul a 30 de ani toate avioanele de luptă ale Statelor Unite, de la cele de vânătoare la bombardiere grele şi avioane cisternă, să fie conduse de roboţi.    Această putere militară nu este necesară lumii, este o necesitate a sistemului economic pe care imperiul îl impune lumii.

    Oricine poate înţelege că dacă automatele pot înlocui piloţii de luptă, tot aşa de bine pot substitui muncitorii din multe fabrici. Acordurile de comerţ liber pe care imperiul încearcă să le impună ţărilor din această emisferă  cer ca lucrătorii lor să concureze cu tehnologia avansată şi cu roboţii din industria ianchee.    Roboţii nu fac greve, sunt obedienţi şi disciplinaţi. Am văzut la televizor maşini care culeg mere şi alte fructe. Întrebarea care se pune şi lucrătorilor nordamericani: Unde vor fi locurile de muncă? Care este viitorul pe care capitalismul fără frontiere, în faza sa avansată de dezvoltare, îl rezervă cetăţenilor?

   În lumina acesteia şi a altor realităţi, guvernanţii din ţările UNASUR, MERCOSUR, Grupul de la Rio şi altele, nu pot să nu analizeze foarte justa întrebare  venită din partea Venezuelei: Ce sens au bazele militare şi navale pe care Statele Unite vor să le instaleze în jurul Venezuelei şi în inima Americii de sud? Îmi aduc aminte că acum câţiva ani, când între Columbia şi Venezuela, două ţări surori prin geografie şi istorie,  relaţiile deveniseră periculos de încordate, Cuba  a promovat pe tăcute paşi importanţi în direcţia  păcii dintre cele două ţări.  Cubanezii nu vor stimula niciodată războiul între ţări surori. Experienţa istorică,  destinul evident proclamat şi aplicat de Statele Unite, şi  slăbiciunea acuzaţiilor aduse Venezuelei că ar furniza arme FARC, asociate cu negocierile cu scopul de a  ceda şapte puncte de pe teritoriul său pentru  uzul forţelor aeriene şi navale ale Forţelor Armate ale Statelor Unite, obligă Venezuela să investească în arme, resurse pe care le-ar putea folosi în economie,  în programele sociale şi cooperarea cu alte ţări din regiune care sunt mai puţin dezvoltate şi au mai puţine resurse.  Venezuela nu se înarmează  contra poporului frate din columbia, se înarmează contra imperiului, care a încercat deja să-i distrugă Revoluţia şi azi vrea să instaleze în apropierea frontierelor venezueliene arme sofisticate.

    Ar fi o gravă eroare să ne gândim că ameninţarea este numai  la adresa Venezuelei;  este îndreptată împotriva tuturor ţărilor  din sudul continentului. Nici una nu va putea eluda subiectul şi aşa au şi declarat-o câteva.

    Generaţiile prezente şi viitoare îi vor judeca pe liderii lor prin conduita pe care o vor adopta în acest moment. Nu este vorba numai de Statele Unite, ci de Statele Unite şi sistem. Ce oferă? Ce caută?

    Oferă ALCA, adică, ruina anticipată de toate ţările noastre, tranzitul liber de bunuri şi capital, dar  nu tranzitul liber de persoane.  Simt teama că societatea opulentă şi consumistă ar fi invadată de latini săraci, indieni, negri şi mulatri sau albi şomeri în propriile ţări. Îi trimit acasă pe toţi cei care comit greşeli sau sunt  de prisos. Îi omoară de multe ori înainte să intre, sau îi întorc precum turmele când nu au nevoie de ei; 12 milioane de imigranţi latinoamericani sau caraibieni sunt ilegal în Statele Unite. O nouă economie a apărut în ţările noastre, în special în cele mai mici şi sărace: aceea a ajutoarelor. Când este criză, aceasta loveşte în toţi imigranţii şi familiile lor. Părinţi şi copii sunt despărţiţi cu cruzime uneori pentru totdeauna. Dacă emigrantul este la vârsta  de militărie,  îi dau posibilitatea să se înroleze pentru a lupta la mii de kilometri distanţă, „în numele libertăţii şi democraţiei”. La întoarcere, dacă nu moare acolo,  i se dă dreptul de a deveni cetăţean al Statelor Unite. Cum sunt bine antrenaţi li se dă posibilitatea de a fi contractaţi nu ca  soldaţi profesionişti,  ci ca civili soldaţi în  companiile private care prestează servicii în războaiele imperialiste de cucerire.

   Există alte pericole extrem de grave. Mereu sosesc ştiri despre emigranţii mexicani şi din alte ţări ale regiunii noastre care mor încercând să treacă actuala frontieră  a Mexicului cu Statele Unite.  Cota de victime din fiecare an depăşeşte totalitatea celor care şi-au pierdut viaţa în cei aproape 28 de ani de existenţă a faimosului Zid al Berlinului.   Mai incredibil este că  abia circulă prin lume ştirea despre un război care costă în acest moment mii de vieţi pe an. Au murit deja, în 2009, mai mulţi mexicani decât  soldaţii nordamericani care au murit în războiul lui Bush contra Irakului de-a lungul întregii lui administraţii.

    Războiul  din Mexic a fost dezlănţuit din  cauza celei mai mari pieţe de droguri care există în lume: cea a Statelor Unite. Dar  pe teritoriul lor nu există un război între poliţie şi forţele armate ale Statelor Unite în lupta contra traficului de droguri. Războiul a fost exportat în Mexic şi America Centrală, dar  mai ales în ţara aztecă, mai aproape de teritoriul Statelor Unite. Imaginile care  circulă pe canalele de televiziune,  cu cadavre stivuite şi veştile care vin despre persoane asasinate în chiar saloanele de chirurgie unde  se încerca salvarea vieţii lor, sunt oribile. Nici una din aceste imagini nu provin de pe teritoriul nordamerican.    Asemenea val de violenţă şi sânge se extinde  în mai mare sau mai mică măsură în toate ţările Americii de Sud. De unde vin banii dacă nu din  nesecatul izvor care  porneşte de pe piaţa nordamericană?  La rândul lui, consumul tinde şi el să se extindă în celelalte ţări din arie, provocând victime şi mai multe daune direct sau indirect decât SIDA, paludismul şi alte boli la un loc.

   Planurile imperiale de dominaţie sunt precedate  de enorme sume  alocate  misiunilor de a minţi şi dezinforma opinia publică.  Contează pe totala complicitate a oligarhiei, a burgheziei, a dreptei intelectuale şi a mediilor  de comunicare în masă.    Sunt experţi în răspândirea erorilor şi a contradicţiilor  politicienilor.

    Destinul omenirii nu trebuie să rămână pe mâna roboţilor transformaţi în persoane sau a persoanelor  transformate în roboţi.

    În anul 2010, guvernul Statelor Unite  va cheltui 2 200 de milioane de dolari prin Departamentul de Stat şi USAID pentru a-şi promova politica, cu 12% mai mult decât banii primiţi de guvernul lui Bush în ultimul an al mandatului. Din aceştia, aproape 450 de milioane sunt destinaţi să demonstreze să tirania impusă lumii înseamnă democraţie şi respectarea drepturilor omului.    Apelează permanent la instinct şi la egoismul oamenilor; dispreţuiesc valoarea educaţiei şi conştiinţa. Este evidentă rezistenţa demonstrată de poporul cubanez de-a lungul a 50 de ani. Să rezişti este  arma la care nu pot renunţa niciodată popoarele; portoricanii  au reuşit să oprească manevrele militare în Vieques,  aşezându-se în poligonul de tir.

    Patria lui Bolivar este astăzi ţara  care-i îngrijorează cel mai tare,  pentru rolul ei istoric în luptele de independenţă ale popoarelor Americii. Cubanezii  care prestează acolo servicii ca specialişti în domeniul sănătăţii, educaţiei, educaţie fizică şi sporturi, informatică,  tehnică agricolă, şi alte domenii, trebuie să facă totul pentru îndeplinirea  îndatoririlor internaţionaliste, pentru a demonstra că popoarele pot rezista şi pot fi purtătoarele principiilor celor mai sacre ale societăţii umane.  Altfel, imperiul va distruge civilizaţia şi însăşi specia umană. 

FIDEL CASTRO RUZ

5 august 2009

August 17, 2009 Posted by | Diplomacy, Ecology, Economy, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Latin America, Leaders, Mass media, News, Open Letter, Politics, United States | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

FIDEL CASTRO TO DIPLOMATIC CENTER (II)

SEVEN DAGGERS AT THE HEART OF THE AMERICAS 

Fidel Castro

            I read and reread data and articles written by smart personalities, some better known than others, who publish in various media outlets drawing the information from sources nobody questions.  Everywhere in the world, the people living on this planet are taking economic, environmental and war risks due to the United States policies but no other region of the world as threatened by such grave problems as that country’s neighbors, that is, the peoples of this continent south of that hegemonic power.

            The presence of such a powerful empire –with military bases, nuclear submarines and aircraft carriers; modern warships and sophisticated fighter planes that can carry any type of weapons, deployed in every continent and ocean; with hundreds of thousands of troops and a government that claims absolute impunity for them– is the most important headache for any government, be it a leftist, rightist or center government, an allied of the United States or not.

            The problem for those of us who are its neighbors is not that it is a different country with a different language. There are Americans of every color and background. They are people just like us with all kinds of feelings, in one sense or another. What is dramatic is the system that has been developed there and imposed on everyone else. That system is not new to the use of force and to the domination methods that have prevailed throughout history; what is new is the time we are living. Approaching the issue from a traditional perspective would be a mistake and no one would benefit. Reading and getting acquainted with the ideas of the advocates of the system can be very educational for it helps to become aware of the nature of a system which builds on a continuous appeal to selfishness and to the peoples’ most basic instincts.

            Without convictions about the value of conscience and its capacity to prevail over instincts, it would not be possible to even speak of a hope for change in any period of the very short history of man. Neither would it be possible to understand the formidable obstacles lying in the way of the different political leaders of the Latin American or Ibero-American nations in the hemisphere. In any case, the peoples living in this part of the world in the last tens of thousands of years until the famous discovery of the Americas had no traits of the Latin, Iberian or European peoples and their features resembled more those of the Asian peoples where their ancestors had come from. Today, we can find them on the faces of the indigenous people in Mexico, Central America, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay and Chile, a country where the Araucanians wrote enduring pages. In certain areas of Canada and Alaska they still preserve their indigenous roots as purely as they can, but in the continental United States a large part of the ancient peoples was exterminated by the white conquerors.

            As everybody knows, millions of Africans were uprooted from their land and brought to work as slaves in this hemisphere. In some countries like Haiti and a large part of the Caribbean Islands their descendants make up the majority of the population, and in some other countries they add up to large segments. In the United States, there are tens of millions of people of African descent who, as a rule, are the poorest and most discriminated against.

            For centuries that country claimed privileged rights over our continent. At the time of Jose Marti, it tried to impose a single currency based on gold, a metal whose value has been the steadiest through history. In general, international trade was based on gold; but that is not the case today. From the days of Nixon’s administration, world trade developed on the basis of the paper money printed by the United States, the dollar, a currency worth today about 27 times less than in the early ‘70s; one of the many ways to dominate and defraud the rest of the world. At the present moment, however, other currencies are taking the place of the dollar in international trade and in the hard currency reserves.

            Then, while the value of the empire’s currency is decreasing, its military forces’ reserves are increasing and the state-of-the-art technology and science monopolized by the superpower are largely directed to weapons development. Presently, it is not only the thousands of nuclear missiles or the modern destructive power of conventional weapons, but the guided planes piloted by robots. This is not just a fantasy. Some of these aircraft are being used in Afghanistan and elsewhere. Recent reports indicate that in a relatively near future, by the year 2020, –long before the Antarctic icecap melts– the empire plans to have among its 2500 war planes, 1100 fifth-generation F-35 and F-22 fighter-bombers. Just to give an idea of that potential, suffice it to say that the aircraft used at the Soto Cano base in Honduras to train that country’s pilots are F-5, and the ones supplied to the Venezuelan air force –prior to Chavez– and to Chile and other countries, were small F-16 squadrons.Even more significant is the empire’s plan for the next 30 years anticipating that every U.S. combat aircraft, from fighter planes to heavy bombers and tanker planes are piloted by robots.   Such a military might is not a necessity of the world; it is a necessity of the economic system that the empire imposes to the world.

            Anyone understands that if the robots can replace the combat pilots, they can also replace the workers in many factories. The free-trade agreements that the empire is trying to impose on the countries of this hemisphere mean that these workers will have to compete with the advanced technology and the robots of the Yankee industry.

            Robots do not go on strike; they are obedient and disciplined. We have seen on TV machinery that can pick up apples and other fruits. The question could also be asked to the American workers. Where will the jobs be? What is the future that capitalism without borders, in its advanced development stage, assigns to the people?

            In light of this and other realities, the leaders of UNASUR, MERCOSUR, the Rio Group and others cannot but analyze the very good question raised by Venezuela: What’s the meaning of the military and naval bases that the United States wants to set up around Venezuela and in the heart of South America? I remember that a few years back, when relations between Colombia and Venezuela, two sister nations bound by geography and history, grew dangerously tense Cuba quietly promoted significant steps leading to peace between them. Cuba will never encourage war between sister nations. Historic experience, the manifest destiny claimed and applied by the United States and the weak accusations against Venezuela about weapon supplies to the FARC, combined with the negotiations aimed at granting to the U.S. Armed Forces seven places in that territory to be used by their air and naval troops, are leaving Venezuela no other choice but to invest in weaponry the resources it could use for the economy, social programs and cooperation with other countries of the region having less resources and development. Venezuela’s military build-up is not aimed against the fraternal people of Colombia but against the empire which already tried to overthrow its Revolution and today intends to set up its sophisticated weapons near the Venezuelan border.

            It would be a serious mistake to believe that only Venezuela is being threatened. Actually, every country in the south of the continent is under threat. Not one of them will be able to avoid the issue as some of them have already stated.           The present and future generations will pass judgment on their leaders for the way they conduct themselves at this moment. It is not only the United States, but the United States and the system. What does it offer? What does it want?

            It offers the FTAA, that is, the early ruin of our countries: free transit of goods and capital, but not free transit of people. They are now afraid that the opulent consumerist society is inundated by poor Hispanics, indigenous people, black, mulatto or whites who cannot find jobs in their own countries. They return everyone who commits an offense or that they do not need; quite often these people are killed before they enter that country or returned like animals when they are not necessary. Twelve million Latin American or Caribbean immigrants remain in the United States illegally. A new economy has emerged in our countries, especially in the smallest and poorest: that of remittances. In times of crisis, this strikes mostly the immigrants and their families. Parents and children are separated, sometimes forever. If the immigrant is of military age, he is given the chance to enlist for fighting thousands of miles away from home “on behalf of freedom and democracy,” and if they do not get killed, on their return they are given the right to become US citizens. Then, as they are well trained they are offered the possibility of a contract, not as official soldiers but as civilian soldiers for the private companies that provide services to the imperial wars of conquest.

            There are other extremely serious dangers. There are always news of immigrants from Mexico and other countries of our region dying as they try to cross the U.S.-Mexican border. The number of victims each year widely exceeds the totality of those who lost their lives in the almost 28 years of existence of the famous Berlin Wall.            But what is most incredible is that there is hardly any news in the world about a war that is taking thousands of lives every year. In 2009, more Mexicans have been killed than the number of American soldiers who died during Bush’s war on Iraq in the course of his administration.

            The cause of the war in Mexico is the largest drug market in the world: the United States market. But there is no war going on in the American territory between the U.S. police and the military fighting the drug-traffickers. The war has instead been exported to Mexico and Central America, but especially to the Aztec country which is closer to the United States. Dreadful images of dead bodies are shown on TV while news keep coming in of people murdered in the surgery rooms where their lives were being saved. None of these images originates in the U.S. territory.

            Such a wave of violence and bloodshed is expanding through the countries of South America, affecting them to a lesser or greater extent. Where does the money come from if not the endless source of the U.S. market? Likewise, consumption tends to expand to the rest of the countries in the region causing more victims and direct or indirect damages than AIDS, malaria and other illnesses put together.

            The imperial plans of domination are preceded by huge sums of money assigned to the task of deceiving and misinforming the public. For this purpose, they have the full complicity of the oligarchy, the bourgeoisie, the rightist intelligentsia and the media.   They are experts in spreading news of the politicians’ mistakes and contradictions. The fate of mankind must not be left in the hands of robots turned into people or people turned into robots.

            In the year 2010, the U.S. government will promote its policy through the State Department and USAID spending 2.2 billion dollars –12 percent more than the Bush administration received in the last year of its second term– and almost 450 million of them will be used to prove that the tyranny imposed on the world means democracy and respect for human rights.

            They constantly appeal to the human beings’ instinct and selfishness; they despise the value of education and conscience. The resistance put up by the Cuban people throughout 50 years is evident. Resistance is the weapon that peoples can never give up. The Puerto Ricans were able to stop the military exercises in Vieques by standing on the site of the firing range.

            Bolivar’s homeland is today the country they are most worried about for its historical role in the struggle for the independence of the peoples of the Americas. Cubans working there as healthcare and informatics specialists, educators, physical education and sports professors, agricultural technicians and specialists in other areas should do their best to fulfill their internationalist duty to prove that the peoples can put up a resistance and carry forward the most sacred principles of human society. Otherwise, the empire will destroy civilization and even the human race. 

Fidel Castro Ruz – August , 2009

August 13, 2009 Posted by | Diplomacy, Ecology, Economy, Foreign policy, History, Informations, International Relation, Latin America, Leaders, Mass media, News, Politics, United States | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment